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Characterization of air contaminants emitted during laser cutting of carbon fiber-reinforced composite materials

  • Aleksey Noskov
  • Yngvar Thomassen
  • Balazs Berlinger
  • Raymond Olsen
  • Torunn K. Ervik
  • Stephan Weinbruch
  • Albert Gilmutdinov
Paper in Forefront
  • 66 Downloads

Abstract

The emission of ultrafine carbonaceous particles during the laser cutting of fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite materials was investigated. The study was based on characterization of air contaminants emitted during laser cutting of an epoxy-based CFRP material with respect to particle size distribution, particle morphology, and chemical composition. Results indicate that about 90% of the total particulate mass is present as fine particulate matter with an aerodynamic cut-off diameter of 0.25 μm, and considerable amounts of ultrafine carbonaceous particulate matter dominated by organic carbon are emitted during high-power laser cutting of CFRP.

Keywords

Nanoparticles/nanotechnology Aerosols/particulates Laser cutting Carbon fiber-reinforced polymer composite materials 

Notes

Funding information

The work was financially supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (research grants № 14.Z50.31.0023 and 9.3236.2017/4.6) and Federal Target Program 1.3 (agreement № 14.578.21.0245).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kazan National Research Technical UniversityKazanRussia
  2. 2.National Institute of Occupational HealthOsloNorway
  3. 3.Institute of Applied GeosciencesTechnical University DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany

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