Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 410, Issue 18, pp 4509–4517 | Cite as

Monitoring dynamic release of intracellular hydrogen peroxide through a microelectrode based enzymatic biosensor

  • Hang Zhang
  • Jun Ruan
  • Weiwei Liu
  • Xuerui Jiang
  • Tianyu Du
  • Hui Jiang
  • Pasquarelli Alberto
  • Kay-Eberhard Gottschalk
  • Xuemei Wang
Research Paper


A high sensitive and selective hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) biosensor was fabricated on the basis of reduced hemoglobin (Hb) and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) for detecting the release of H2O2 from living HepG2 cancer cells in the process of the in situ biosynthesis of ZnO quantum. The modification of carbon fiber microelectrode (CFME) was carried out by physical adsorption. By the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), the dense cover of surface and successful immobilization were characterized. Electrochemical investigation demonstrates that the as-prepared modified microelectrode showed a quasi-reversible process toward the reduction of H2O2, which exhibited a linear range from 0.51 to 10.6 μM, with a limit of detection of 0.23 μM. This microelectrode biosensor was applied for the quantification of the change of H2O2 concentration released from HepG2 cells through the in situ biosynthesis of ZnO quantum dots, which was further confirmed by the fluorescence staining.


Microelectrode Biosensor Hydrogen peroxide Intracellular ROS 



This work is supported by the National High-tech R&D Program and National Key Research & Development Program of China (Nos. 2017YFA0205301), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 91753106, 81325011, 21327902).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hang Zhang
    • 1
  • Jun Ruan
    • 1
  • Weiwei Liu
    • 1
  • Xuerui Jiang
    • 1
  • Tianyu Du
    • 1
  • Hui Jiang
    • 1
  • Pasquarelli Alberto
    • 2
  • Kay-Eberhard Gottschalk
    • 2
  • Xuemei Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, National Demonstration Center for Experimental Biomedical Engineering Education, School of Biological Science and Medical EngineeringSoutheast UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Experimental PhysicsUlm UniversityUlmGermany

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