FTIR spectroscopy characterization of fatty-acyl-chain conjugates
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FTIR spectroscopy is used to identify poly-l-lysin fatty-acyl-chain (PLL-FAC) conjugates based on structural differences found between FAC species. Twenty-one PLL-FAC models were used, from C8 to C24, and with up to 5 unsaturation levels (C20:5). Curve fitting of the 3050–2800 cm−1 spectral interval permitted extraction of IR bands belonging to the stretching vibration modes of methyl, methylene, and alkene groups. Based on molecular structure models in 3D, the number and position of methyl bands could be set according to chain length and unsaturation level. Band positions for ν-(C = C < H), νas(CH3), and νas(CH2) groups did not follow the maximum intensity shift of spectrum curve; it is the underlying band’s intensity that is modifying maximum intensity of spectrum curve with respect to chain length and unsaturation level. We thus propose to use FTIR spectroscopy for the production monitoring and the quality control of PLL-FAC conjugates used as nutritional complements, and this should be extended to analysis of fatty acid compounds in general.
KeywordsFTIR spectroscopy Structural biology Saturated, mono-unsaturated, and poly-unsaturated fatty acids Fatty acid amide Nutrition Quality control
Attenuated total reflectance
Fatty acyl chain
This work was supported by the the “Ligue Nationale contre le cancer,” the “Agence Nationale de la Recherche” (ANR – contract n° ANR-13-TECS-0001).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no competing financial interest.
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