Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 407, Issue 29, pp 8803–8812 | Cite as

A newly developed molecularly imprinted polymer on the surface of TiO2 for selective extraction of triazine herbicides residues in maize, water, and soil

  • Hao Ran Geng
  • Shan Shan Miao
  • She Feng Jin
  • Hong YangEmail author
Research Paper


A new surface molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) based on nano-TiO2 was developed using propazine (Pro) as a template molecule, ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as a crosslinker, methacrylic acid (MAA) as a functional monomer, and 2,2′-azobis (isobutyronitrile) (AIBN) as an initiator. Structures of the newly synthesized surface MIPs were characterized by Fourier transmission infrared spectrometry (FT-IR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The MIP had a good adsorption capacity and high recognition selectivity to propazine. Meanwhile, it exhibited a cross-selectivity for simazine (Sim) and atrazine (Atr). The MIPs were used as a solid phase extraction (SPE) material. Concomitant extraction, purification, and determination of three pesticides (Pro, Sim, and Atr) residues in water, soil, and maize plant and grain samples were performed by MIP-SPE coupled with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The highly selective separation and enrichment of Pro, Atr, and Sim from the complex environmental media can be achieved. Thus, the newly developed technique provides an analytical platform to quantify the trace amount of Pro, Sim, and Atr residues in multi environmental media and food source.


Molecularly imprinted polymer Propazine Nano-TiO2 SPE Environmental monitoring Herbicide 



The authors acknowledge the financial support of the Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest from the Ministry of Agriculture of China (No. 201203022).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no on conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

216_2015_9039_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (156 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 155 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hao Ran Geng
    • 1
  • Shan Shan Miao
    • 1
    • 2
  • She Feng Jin
    • 1
  • Hong Yang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Pesticide Science, College of ScienceNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Monitoring and Management of Crop Diseases and Pest Insects, Ministry of AgricultureNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingChina

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