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Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 407, Issue 12, pp 3509–3516 | Cite as

Behavior of PAH/mineral associations during thermodesorption: impact for the determination of mineral retention properties towards PAHs

  • Coralie BiacheEmail author
  • Catherine Lorgeoux
  • Alain Saada
  • Pierre Faure
Research Paper

Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) associated with two minerals (silica sand and bentonite) presenting opposite retention properties were analyzed with a thermodesorption (Td)-GC-MS coupling in order to validate this technique as a new and rapid way to evaluate the solid sorption properties. Two analysis modes were used, evolved gas analysis (EGA) and Td with cryo-trap. EGA allowed a real-time monitoring of the compounds desorbed during a temperature program and gave a first screening of the samples while Td gave more precise indications on compound abundances for selected temperature ranges. When associated with silica sand, PAHs were released at relatively low temperatures (<300 °C) close to corresponding boiling point, whereas for the PAH/bentonite mixture, PAHs were desorbed at much higher temperatures; they were also present in much lower abundance and were associated with mono-aromatic compounds. With bentonite, the PAH abundances decreased and the mono-aromatics increased with the increasing PAH molecular weight. These results indicated a clear PAH retention by the bentonite due to polymerization, followed by a thermal cracking at higher temperatures. The Td-GC-MS was proven to efficiently underline differences in retention properties of two minerals, and this study highlights the great potential of this technique to evaluate compound/matrix bond strength and interaction.

Keywords

Evolved gas analysis Thermal desorption Bentonite Silica sand Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon Sorption 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was funded by the Lorraine Energy and Environment Carnot Institute (ICEEL) and the French Geological Survey (BRGM). We thank the GISFI (French Scientific Interest Group–Industrial Wasteland, www.gisfi.prd.fr). We are also grateful to Angelina Razafitianamaharavo for the soil-specific area determination, and we thank Dr. Manuel Pelletier and Dr. Fabien Thomas for the helpful discussions. We also thank Axel Bart from SRA for technical support.

Supplementary material

216_2015_8547_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (54 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 54 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Coralie Biache
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Catherine Lorgeoux
    • 3
    • 4
  • Alain Saada
    • 5
  • Pierre Faure
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Université de Lorraine, LIEC, UMR7360Vandœuvre-lès-NancyFrance
  2. 2.CNRS, LIEC, UMR7360Vandœuvre-lès-NancyFrance
  3. 3.Université de Lorraine, GeoRessources, UMR7359Vandœuvre-lès-NancyFrance
  4. 4.CNRS, GeoRessources, UMR7359Vandœuvre-lès-NancyFrance
  5. 5.BRGMOrléans Cedex 2France

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