Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 405, Issue 21, pp 6629–6638 | Cite as

Lipid profiling of human plasma from peritoneal dialysis patients using an improved 2D (NP/RP) LC-QToF MS method

  • Min Li
  • Baosheng Feng
  • Yuan Liang
  • Wei Zhang
  • Yu Bai
  • Wen Tang
  • Tao Wang
  • Huwei LiuEmail author
Research Paper


An improved online two-dimensional liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (2D LC-QToF MS) system was developed for the lipid profiling of human plasma, in which different lipid classes were separated by the first dimensional normal-phase (NP) LC and different lipid molecular species were separated by the second dimensional reversed-phase (RP) LC. This 2D LC-QToF MS system was built based on a ten-port, two-position valve as the interface, the conditions of which had been optimized and discussed in detail. As two loops were used to trap and transfer the first dimensional elute to the second dimension separately, this new interface suppressed the sample band broadening in the first dimensional column, increased the recovery and repeatability of 2D LC interface, and offered the possibility for the realization of not-stop-flow NP/RP 2D LC system. Finally, 190 endogenous lipid species out of 10 lipid classes were determined within a single run from the plasma of peritoneal patients. This method was also applied to identify the difference in lipid profile between plasma from peritoneal dialysis patients with bad volume status and peritoneal dialysis patients with good volume status. The discovery of 30 potential biomarkers would be helpful to the malnutrition, inflammation, and atherosclerosis syndrome investigation.


Lipidomics Free fatty acids Phospholipids Two-dimensional liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (2D LC-MS) Potential biomarkers MIA syndrome 



Two-dimensional liquid chromatography


Extracted ion chromatograms


Free fatty acids










Malnutrition, inflammation and atherosclerosis syndrome


Mass spectrometry


Normal-phase liquid chromatography




Principal component analysis








Quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry


Reversed-phase liquid chromatography





This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 21175005). The authors wish to thank Mr. Chengsen Zhang for his kind help in drawing the figure of 2D LC interface.

Supplementary material

216_2013_7109_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (104 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 104 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Min Li
    • 1
  • Baosheng Feng
    • 1
  • Yuan Liang
    • 1
  • Wei Zhang
    • 1
  • Yu Bai
    • 1
  • Wen Tang
    • 2
  • Tao Wang
    • 2
  • Huwei Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry and Molecular Engineering of Ministry of Education, Institute of Analytical Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular EngineeringPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Division of Nephrology, Peking University Third HospitalBeijingChina

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