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Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 405, Issue 11, pp 3823–3830 | Cite as

Mediated electron transfer of cellobiose dehydrogenase and glucose oxidase at osmium polymer-modified nanoporous gold electrodes

  • Urszula Salaj-Kosla
  • Micheál D. Scanlon
  • Tobias Baumeister
  • Kawah Zahma
  • Roland Ludwig
  • Peter Ó Conghaile
  • Domhnall MacAodha
  • Dónal Leech
  • Edmond Magner
Original Paper

Abstract

Nanoporous and planar gold electrodes were utilised as supports for the redox enzymes Aspergillus niger glucose oxidase (GOx) and Corynascus thermophilus cellobiose dehydrogenase (CtCDH). Electrodes modified with hydrogels containing enzyme, Os-redox polymers and the cross-linking agent poly(ethylene glycol)diglycidyl ether were used as biosensors for the determination of glucose and lactose. Limits of detection of 6.0 (±0.4), 16.0 (±0.1) and 2.0 (±0.1) μM were obtained for CtCDH-modified lactose and glucose biosensors and GOx-modified glucose biosensors, respectively, at nanoporous gold electrodes. Biofuel cells composed of GOx- and CtCDH-modified gold electrodes were utilised as anodes, together with Myrothecium verrucaria bilirubin oxidase (MvBOD) or Melanocarpus albomyces laccase as cathodes, in biofuel cells. A maximum power density of 41 μW/cm2 was obtained for a CtCDH/MvBOD biofuel cell in 5 mM lactose and O2-saturated buffer (pH 7.4, 0.1 M phosphate, 150 mM NaCl).

Keywords

Nanoporous gold electrodes Mediated electron transfer Biosensor Bioanode Biofuel cell 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the European Union FP7 project, 3D-nanobiodevices (NMP4-SL-2009-229255) and the Programme for Third Level Institutions funded nanoscience programme, INSPIRE.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Urszula Salaj-Kosla
    • 1
  • Micheál D. Scanlon
    • 1
  • Tobias Baumeister
    • 1
  • Kawah Zahma
    • 2
  • Roland Ludwig
    • 2
  • Peter Ó Conghaile
    • 3
  • Domhnall MacAodha
    • 3
  • Dónal Leech
    • 3
  • Edmond Magner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Environmental Sciences, Materials and Surface Science InstituteUniversity of LimerickLimerickIreland
  2. 2.Department of Food Science and Technology, Food Biotechnology LaboratoryUniversity of Natural Resources and Applied Life SciencesViennaAustria
  3. 3.School of Chemistry & Ryan InstituteNational University of Ireland GalwayGalwayIreland

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