Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 404, Issue 8, pp 2127–2131 | Cite as

Speciation analysis in on-line aerosol mass spectrometry

  • Frank DrewnickEmail author


Ambient aerosol particles affect both the earth’s climate and human health. Both effects depend on the chemical composition of the particles including the binding state of specific elements. Modern on-line aerosol mass spectrometry is capable of measuring aerosol composition with high temporal resolution, avoiding artifacts often introduced by classical off-line methods. The two most common types of on-line aerosol mass spectrometers, laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometers (LDI–MS) and thermal desorption electron impact ionization mass spectrometers (TD–EI-MS) provide reliable information on the most common ambient inorganic and organic aerosol species with high temporal resolution. However, for less common aerosol species identification with both types of instrument is frequently associated with large uncertainties. Here, we provide an overview of the element speciation capabilities of current on-line aerosol mass spectrometry for both carbonaceous and non-carbon-containing aerosol species. We describe limitations and other issues for this type of on-line aerosol analysis.


Element speciation Aerosol On-line aerosol mass spectrometry Thermal-desorption electron-impact ionization mass spectrometry Laser-desorption/ionization mass spectrometry 


  1. 1.
    Russell AG, Brunekreef B (2009) Environ Sci Technol 43:4620–4625CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Isaksen ISA et al (2009) Atmos Environ 43:5138–5192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jimenez JL et al (2009) Science 326:1525–1529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Seinfeld JH, Pandis SN (2006) Atmospheric chemistry and physics: from air pollution to climate change. John Wiley & Sons, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cornelis R, Caruso J, Crews H, Heumann K (eds) (2003) Handbook of elemental speciation. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Murphy DM (2007) Mass Spectrom Rev 26:150–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Canagaratna MR et al (2007) Mass Spectrom Rev 26:185–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Neubauer KR, Johnston MV, Wexler AS (1995) Int J Mass Spectrom Ion Proc 151:77–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Neubauer KR et al (1996) J Geophys Res 101:18701–18707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ettner-Mahl M (2007) PhD thesis, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dall’Osto M et al (2009) Atmos Chem Phys 9:2459–2469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Middlebrook AM et al (2003) J Geophys Res. doi: 10.1029/2001JD000660
  13. 13.
    Dall’Osto M et al (2012) Aerosol Sci Technol 46:639–653CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Allan JD et al (2004) J Aerosol Sci 35:909–922CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Diesch JM et al (2012) Atmos Chem Phys 12:3761–3782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zorn SR et al (2008) Atmos Chem Phys 8:4711–4728CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Farmer DK et al (2010) Proc Natl Acad Sci 107:6670–6675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Schneider J et al (2011) Atmos Chem Phys 11:11415–11429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Murphy SM et al (2007) Atmos Chem Phys 7:2313–2337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Liu DY, Prather KA, Hering SV (2000) Aerosol Sci Technol 33:71–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Angelino S, Suess DT, Prather KA (2001) Environ Sci Technol 35:3130–3138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Srivastava A et al (2005) Anal Chem 77:3315–3323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Vogt R et al (2003) J Aerosol Sci 34:319–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Slowik JG et al (2007) Aerosol Sci Technol 41:295–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Silva PJ, Prather KA (2000) Anal Chem 72:3553–3562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Dzepina K et al (2007) Int J Mass Spectrom 263:152–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zhang Q et al (2005) Environ Sci Technol 39:4938–4952CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lanz V et al (2008) Environ Sci Technol 42:214–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ulbrich IM et al (2009) Atmos Chem Phys 9:2891–2918CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zhang Q et al (2011) Anal Bioanal Chem 401:3045–3067CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Aiken AC et al (2008) Environ Sci Technol 42:4478–4485CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Particle Chemistry DepartmentMax Planck Institute for ChemistryMainzGermany

Personalised recommendations