Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 404, Issue 10, pp 2859–2868 | Cite as

Angle-dependent resonance of localized and propagating surface plasmons in microhole arrays for enhanced biosensing

  • Ludovic S. Live
  • Anuj Dhawan
  • Kirsty F. Gibson
  • Hugo-Pierre Poirier-Richard
  • Duncan Graham
  • Michael Canva
  • Tuan Vo-Dinh
  • Jean-François MassonEmail author
Original Paper


The presence of microhole arrays in thin Au films is suited for the excitation of localized and propagating surface plasmon (SP) modes. Conditions can be established to excite a resonance between the localized and propagating SP modes, which further enhanced the local electromagnetic (EM) field. The co-excitation of localized and propagating SP modes depends on the angle of incidence (θ exc) and refractive index of the solution interrogated. As a consequence of the enhanced EM field, enhanced sensitivity and an improved response for binding events by about a factor of 3 to 5 was observed with SPR sensors in the Kretschmann configuration for a set of experimental conditions (λ SPR, θ exc, and η). Thus, microhole arrays can improve sensing applications of SPR based on classical prism-based instrumentation and are suited for SP-coupled spectroscopic techniques.


Co-excitation of localized and propagating SP enhances sensitivity of SPR


Localized and propagating surface plasmons Enhanced sensitivity Angle-dependent amplification Surface-enhanced Raman scattering Biosensing Microhole arrays 

Supplementary material

216_2012_6195_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (446 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 445 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ludovic S. Live
    • 1
  • Anuj Dhawan
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Kirsty F. Gibson
    • 5
  • Hugo-Pierre Poirier-Richard
    • 1
  • Duncan Graham
    • 5
  • Michael Canva
    • 6
  • Tuan Vo-Dinh
    • 2
    • 3
    • 7
  • Jean-François Masson
    • 1
    • 8
    Email author
  1. 1.Département de chimieUniversité de MontréalMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Fitzpatrick Institute for PhotonicsDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical engineeringDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  4. 4.Department of Electrical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology-DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  5. 5.Centre for Molecular Nanometrology, WestCHEM, Department of Pure and Applied ChemistryUniversity of StrathclydeGlasgowUK
  6. 6.Laboratoire Charles Fabry, Institut Optique Graduate SchoolUniversité Paris Sud, CNRSPalaiseauFrance
  7. 7.Department of ChemistryDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  8. 8.Center for Self-Assembled Chemical StructuresMontrealCanada

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