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Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 404, Issue 9, pp 2721–2735 | Cite as

Occurrence of priority and emerging organic compounds in fishes from the Rhone River (France)

  • C. Miège
  • A. Peretti
  • P. Labadie
  • H. Budzinski
  • B. Le Bizec
  • K. Vorkamp
  • J. Tronczyński
  • H. Persat
  • M. Coquery
  • M. Babut
Original Paper

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to collect new data on the occurrence, levels of priority and emerging organic compounds in freshwater fish sampled in the Rhone River. The 34 studied contaminants included alkylphenols, bisphenol A, polybromodiphenylethers (PBDE), perfluorinated compounds, hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCD), hexachlorobenzene and hexachlorobutadiene (HCBD). About 50 fish samples (individual specimens or pooled fish) were collected from three sites located upstream and downstream of the Lyon metropolitan area in the Rhone River (France). Four species were caught at each site, namely: the barbel (Barbus barbus), the common bream (Abramis brama), the white bream (Blicca bjoerkna) and the chub (Squalius cephalus). Some contaminants were quantified in all the 32 fish samples analysed: 4-nonylphenol, α-HBCD, the six PBDE congeners (28, 47, 99, 100, 153, 154), perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorodecanoic acid. Twenty three of the 32 samples had a concentration of PFOS above the Environmental Quality Standards (EQS) (up to six times higher than the EQS), and all the 32 samples had concentrations of PBDE above the EQS (up to 4,000 times higher, with the sum of six PBDE varying from 4.5 to 182 ng/g dry weight). Clearly, the interest to consider PFOS and HBCD as new priority substances is confirmed. In contrast, the pertinence of a priority status for HCBD, which was never quantified in our study, might have to be reconsidered in the future.

Keywords

Emerging compounds Priority compounds Fishes River waters Contamination level 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Onema (the French National Agency for Water and Aquatic Ecosystems) for its financial support.

Supplementary material

216_2012_6187_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (78 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 78.3 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Miège
    • 1
  • A. Peretti
    • 1
  • P. Labadie
    • 2
    • 3
  • H. Budzinski
    • 3
  • B. Le Bizec
    • 4
  • K. Vorkamp
    • 5
  • J. Tronczyński
    • 6
  • H. Persat
    • 7
  • M. Coquery
    • 1
  • M. Babut
    • 1
  1. 1.U.R. MALYIrsteaLyonFrance
  2. 2.UMR 7619 SisypheCNRS/UPMCParis Cedex 05France
  3. 3.EPOC-LPTC LaboratoryUniversity of Bordeaux 1TalenceFrance
  4. 4.LABERCAONIRISNANTES Cedex 03France
  5. 5.Department of Environmental ScienceAarhus UniversityRoskildeDenmark
  6. 6.Department of Biogeochemistry and Ecotoxicology, Laboratory of Organic Contaminants Biogeochemistry (DCN/BE/LBCO)IFREMERNantes Cedex 03France
  7. 7.UMR CNRS 5023, Ecology of Fluvial HydrosystemsUniversity of Lyon 1Villeurbanne CedexFrance

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