The gold-nanoparticle-based surface plasmon resonance light scattering and visual DNA aptasensor for lysozyme
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We developed a new simple and sensitive assay for lysozyme based on gold nanoparticle plasmon resonance light scattering (PRLS) measurement and naked-eye detection using for the first time the lysozyme DNA aptamer as the recognition element. Lysozyme DNA aptamer could stabilize gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) at high ionic strength. Introducing lysozyme to the system easily triggered the aggregation of AuNPs, producing a red-to-blue color change of the solution, red-shifted plasmon absorption, and enhanced plasmon resonance light scattering. The linear range was found to be 0.2∼4 nM for 0.7 nM AuNPs, 0.3∼6 nM for 1.4 nM AuNPs and 0.6∼8 nM for 2.1 nM AuNPs. About 0.1 nM lysozyme can produce an observable enhancement of PRLS signal. For visual detection, 1 nM lysozyme can produce a very distinctive color change. Satisfactory recoveries were obtained for simulated saliva and diluted urine samples, indicating that the method has potential for analyses of clinical samples. The simplicity and high sensitivity that are consistent with the resources and needs of many laboratories makes this method a good choice for routine analysis.
KeywordsGold nanoparticles Aggregation Lysozyme DNA aptamer Plasmon resonance light scattering Visual detection
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (nos. 20975004 and 21035005) and Instrumental Analysis Fund of Peking University.
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