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Rational design of biomimetic molecularly imprinted materials: theoretical and computational strategies for guiding nanoscale structured polymer development

  • Ian A. NichollsEmail author
  • Håkan S. Andersson
  • Kerstin Golker
  • Henning Henschel
  • Björn C. G. Karlsson
  • Gustaf D. Olsson
  • Annika M. Rosengren
  • Siamak Shoravi
  • Subramanian Suriyanarayanan
  • Jesper G. Wiklander
  • Susanne Wikman
Review

Abstract

In principle, molecularly imprinted polymer science and technology provides a means for ready access to nano-structured polymeric materials of predetermined selectivity. The versatility of the technique has brought it to the attention of many working with the development of nanomaterials with biological or biomimetic properties for use as therapeutics or in medical devices. Nonetheless, the further evolution of the field necessitates the development of robust predictive tools capable of handling the complexity of molecular imprinting systems. The rapid growth in computer power and software over the past decade has opened new possibilities for simulating aspects of the complex molecular imprinting process. We present here a survey of the current status of the use of in silico-based approaches to aspects of molecular imprinting. Finally, we highlight areas where ongoing and future efforts should yield information critical to our understanding of the underlying mechanisms sufficient to permit the rational design of molecularly imprinted polymers.

Keywords

Ab initio Biomaterials Biomimetic Chemometrics Molecularly imprinted polymer Molecular dynamics Semi-empirical 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The financial support provided by the Swedish Research Council (VR), the Crafoord Foundation, the Swedish Knowledge Foundation (KKS), and the Linnaeus University is most gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian A. Nicholls
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Håkan S. Andersson
    • 1
  • Kerstin Golker
    • 1
  • Henning Henschel
    • 1
  • Björn C. G. Karlsson
    • 1
  • Gustaf D. Olsson
    • 1
  • Annika M. Rosengren
    • 1
  • Siamak Shoravi
    • 1
  • Subramanian Suriyanarayanan
    • 1
  • Jesper G. Wiklander
    • 1
  • Susanne Wikman
    • 1
  1. 1.Bioorganic & Biophysical Chemistry Laboratory, Section for Biomaterials and Medicinal Chemistry, School of Natural SciencesLinnaeus UniversityKalmarSweden
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and Organic ChemistryUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden

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