Task-specific microextractions using ionic liquids
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Ionic liquids (ILs) have been the focus of many scientific investigations including the field of analytical microextractions. ILs have many advantages over traditional organic solvents making them excellent candidates as extraction media for a variety of microextraction techniques. Many physical properties of ILs can be varied, and the structural design and make-up can be tuned to impart desired functionality for enhancement of analyte extraction selectivity, efficiency, and sensitivity. This paper provides a brief overview of ionic liquids and highlights trends in three important sample-preparation techniques, namely, single drop microextraction, solid-phase microextraction, and dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction in terms of performing task-specific extractions using these highly versatile solvents.
KeywordsIonic liquids Single drop microextraction Solid-phase microextraction Dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction Sample preparation
J.L.A. acknowledges funding from the Analytical and Surface Chemistry Program in the Division of Chemistry and the Separation and Purification Processes Program in the Chemical, Environmental, Bioengineering, and Transport Systems Division from the National Science Foundation for a CAREER grant (CHE-0748612).