Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 399, Issue 9, pp 3271–3283 | Cite as

Vibrational spectroscopy to study degradation of natural dyes. Assessment of oxygen-free cassette for safe exposition of artefacts

  • Monika Koperska
  • Tomasz Łojewski
  • Joanna Łojewska
Original Paper

Abstract

An important issue connected with conservation chemistry is how to improve the storage and exposure conditions in order to suppress the fading and degradation of dyes and other components of paintings. Although the oxygen-free exposure cassettes are commonly known in museums, there is still lack of information in the literature about the effect of anoxic conditions on the degradation of dyes. This study is an attempt to start a database formation on the dyes degradation. Five commercial dyes (indigo, dragon’s blood, curcumin, madder, carminic acid) were submitted to accelerated ageing by exposure to intensive light in the visible range in both oxygen-free (anoxia) and -rich conditions. Degradation of the samples was investigated by several analytical techniques (attenuated total reflectance infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, reflectance UV–Vis spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and optical microscopy). The conclusions are based on the estimators (derived from the determination of colour differences from Vis spectra and from the changes in FTIR and Raman vibrational bands intensity). According to them, only indigo, dragon’s blood and curcumin show greater stability in anoxic conditions in comparison with oxygen-rich ones while madder, carminic acid undergo greater degradation.

Keywords

Vibrational spectroscopy X-ray fluorescence Natural dyes Alizarin Madder Indigo Curcumin Dragon blood Degradation Anoxia 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monika Koperska
    • 1
  • Tomasz Łojewski
    • 1
  • Joanna Łojewska
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ChemistryJagiellonian UniversityCracowPoland

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