Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 399, Issue 1, pp 55–74 | Cite as

Nanoscopic optical sensors based on functional supramolecular hybrid materials

Review

Abstract

This review highlights how the combination of supramolecular principles and nanoscopic solid structures enables the design of new hybrid sensing ensembles with improved sensitivity and/or selectivity and for the targeting of analytes for which selectivity is hard to achieve by conventional methods. Such ideas are bridging the gap between molecules, materials sciences and nanotechnology. Relevant examples will be detailed, taking into account functional aspects such as (1) enhanced coordination of functionalized solids, (2) enhanced signalling through preorganization, (3) signalling by assembly–disassembly of nanoscopic objects, (4) biomimetic probes utilizing discrimination by polarity and size and (5) distinct switching and gating protocols. These strategies are opening new prospects for sensor research and signalling paradigms at the frontier between nanotechnology, smart materials and supramolecular chemistry.

Keywords

Supramolecular chemistry Optical probes Nanotechnology Hybrid organic–inorganic materials 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Reconocimiento Molecular y Desarrollo Tecnológico, (IDM)Unidad Mixta Universidad Politécnica de Valencia – Universitat de ValènciaValenciaSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de QuímicaUniversidad Politécnica de ValenciaValenciaSpain
  3. 3.Div. I.5, BAM Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfungBerlinGermany

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