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Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 395, Issue 7, pp 1997–2004 | Cite as

Characterization of illuminated manuscripts by laboratory-made portable XRD and micro-XRD systems

  • A. DuranEmail author
  • J. L. Perez-Rodriguez
  • T. Espejo
  • M. L. Franquelo
  • J. Castaing
  • P. Walter
Original Paper

Abstract

Illuminated Arabic manuscripts have been studied, employing two laboratory-made X-ray diffraction (XRD) systems developed recently in the C2RMF laboratory. The validity of the µ-XRD and XRD portable systems for the study of this type of artworks has been demonstrated. A common observation in all the analyses is the presence of calcite and rutile; also, hematite, goethite, cinnabar, brass, anatase and barite were detected in the various colours. Differences between the results obtained by both techniques due to acquisition mode are discussed. In addition, other techniques such as X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and micro-Raman were used for the complete characterization of the manuscripts.

Keywords

Arabic manuscripts XRD portable system Laboratory-made µ-XRD system Micro-Raman Archeometry 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge J. Pablo Arias (University of Malaga), Materials Science Institute and the C2RMF staff for their assistance, and the financial support from contract MEC/FECYT 2007 and programme EU-ARTECH (FP6, European Union, contract RII3-CT-2004-506171).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Duran
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. L. Perez-Rodriguez
    • 2
  • T. Espejo
    • 3
  • M. L. Franquelo
    • 2
  • J. Castaing
    • 1
  • P. Walter
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de FranceParisFrance
  2. 2.Materials Science Institute of Seville (CSIC-Seville University)SevilleSpain
  3. 3.Painting DepartmentFine Arts Faculty, Granada UniversityGranadaSpain

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