Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 395, Issue 7, pp 1997–2004 | Cite as

Characterization of illuminated manuscripts by laboratory-made portable XRD and micro-XRD systems

  • A. DuranEmail author
  • J. L. Perez-Rodriguez
  • T. Espejo
  • M. L. Franquelo
  • J. Castaing
  • P. Walter
Original Paper


Illuminated Arabic manuscripts have been studied, employing two laboratory-made X-ray diffraction (XRD) systems developed recently in the C2RMF laboratory. The validity of the µ-XRD and XRD portable systems for the study of this type of artworks has been demonstrated. A common observation in all the analyses is the presence of calcite and rutile; also, hematite, goethite, cinnabar, brass, anatase and barite were detected in the various colours. Differences between the results obtained by both techniques due to acquisition mode are discussed. In addition, other techniques such as X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and micro-Raman were used for the complete characterization of the manuscripts.


Arabic manuscripts XRD portable system Laboratory-made µ-XRD system Micro-Raman Archeometry 



The authors gratefully acknowledge J. Pablo Arias (University of Malaga), Materials Science Institute and the C2RMF staff for their assistance, and the financial support from contract MEC/FECYT 2007 and programme EU-ARTECH (FP6, European Union, contract RII3-CT-2004-506171).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Duran
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. L. Perez-Rodriguez
    • 2
  • T. Espejo
    • 3
  • M. L. Franquelo
    • 2
  • J. Castaing
    • 1
  • P. Walter
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de FranceParisFrance
  2. 2.Materials Science Institute of Seville (CSIC-Seville University)SevilleSpain
  3. 3.Painting DepartmentFine Arts Faculty, Granada UniversityGranadaSpain

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