Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 394, Issue 7, pp 1787–1795 | Cite as

Tip-enhanced near-field optical microscopy of carbon nanotubes

  • A. HartschuhEmail author
  • H. Qian
  • C. Georgi
  • M. Böhmler
  • L. Novotny


We review recent experimental studies on single-walled carbon nanotubes on substrates using tip-enhanced near-field optical microscopy (TENOM). High-resolution optical and topographic imaging with sub 15 nm spatial resolution is shown to provide novel insights into the spectroscopic properties of these nanoscale materials. In the case of semiconducting nanotubes, the simultaneous observation of Raman scattering and photoluminescence (PL) is possible, enabling a direct correlation between vibrational and electronic properties on the nanoscale. So far, applications of TENOM have focused on the spectroscopy of localized phonon modes, local band energy renormalizations induced by charge carrier doping, the environmental sensitivity of nanotube PL, and inter-nanotube energy transfer. At the end of this review we discuss the remaining limitations and challenges in this field.


Tip-enhanced Raman scattering and photoluminescence spectroscopy with sub 15 nm spatial resolution provides novel insights into the electronic and vibronic properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes.


Near-field optical microscopy TERS Carbon nanotubes 



We thank Nicolai Hartmann and Tobias Gokus for samples and experimental support. Financial support from the German Science Foundation DFG through grant HA4405/3-1 and the Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM) is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Hartschuh
    • 1
    Email author
  • H. Qian
    • 1
  • C. Georgi
    • 1
  • M. Böhmler
    • 1
  • L. Novotny
    • 2
  1. 1.Chemistry and Biochemistry Department and CeNSLudwig Maximillians University MunichMunichGermany
  2. 2.The Institute of OpticsUniversity of RochesterRochesterUSA

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