Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 395, Issue 3, pp 549–557 | Cite as

The micro-discharge family (dark, corona, and glow-discharge) for analytical applications realized by dielectric barriers

  • J. Franzke


The similarity principles of electric plasmas, and the current-voltage characteristics of the most prominent kinds of discharges used for analytical applications, are discussed. Most of the discharges can be miniaturized, and some of the analytical applications of different discharges can be realized by use of dielectric barriers for analytical applications, for example element spectrometry, as an ionization source for ion-mobility spectrometry or organic mass spectrometry, and as an electrospray ionization source.


Dielectric barriers Discharges Electric plasmas 



Financial support by the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung and the Ministerium für Wissenschaft und Forschung des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen is gratefully acknowledged. The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.


  1. 1.
    Manz A, Graber N, Widmer HM (1990) Sens Actuators B 1:244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Townsend JS (1915) Electricity in gases, 365Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Paschen F (1889) Wied Ann 37:69Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Holm R (1924) Phys Z 25:497Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    v Engel H, Steenbeck V (1934) Elektrische Gasentladungen, Vol. II. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Margenau H (1948) Phys Rev 73:197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Llewllyn Jones F, Morgan GD (1951) Proc Phys Soc Lond B 64:560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    de la Rue W, Muller HW (1880) Phil Trans Roy Soc Lond 171:109Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Carr WR (1903) Phil Trans Roy Soc Lond Ser A 201:403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Druyvesteyn MJ, Penning FM (1940) Rev Mod Phys 12:87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Francis G (1956) The glow discharge at low pressure. In: Flügge S (ed) Handbuch der Physik, Band XXII Gasentladungen II. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hertz G, Rompe R (1965) Einführung in die Plasmaphysik und ihre technische Anwendung, Akademie Verlag BerlinGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Loeb LB (1956) Electrical breakdown of gases with steady or direct current impulse potentials. In: Flügge S (ed) Handbuch der Physik, Band XXII Gasentladungen II. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Miclea M, Kunze K, Musa G, Franzke J, Niemax K (2001) Spectrochim Acta B 56:37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kunze K, Miclea M, Musa G, Franzke J, Vadla C, Niemax K (2002) Spectrochim Acta B 57:137–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Miclea M, Kunze K, Franzke J, Niemax K (2002) Spectrochim Acta B 57:1585–1592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Franzke J, Kunze K, Miclea M, Niemax K (2003) J Anal At Spectrom 18:802–807CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kunze K, Miclea M, Franzke J, Niemax K (2003) Spectrochim Acta B 58:1435–1443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Michels A, Tombrink S, Vautz W, Miclea M, Franzke J (2007) Spectrochim Acta B 62:1208–1215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bos SJ, van Leeuwen SM, Karst U (2006) Anal Bioanal Chem 384:85–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Raffaelli A, Saba A (2003) Mass Spectrom Rev 22:318–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Borsdorf H, Schelhorn H, Flachowsky J, Doring HR, Stach J (2000) Anal Chim Acta 403:235–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Eiceman GA, Karpas Z (1994) Ion mobility spectrometry, 1st edn. CRC Press, London, UKGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ewing RG, Eiceman GA, Stone JA (1999) Int J Mass Spectrom 193:57–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Vautz W, Michels A, Franzke J (2008) Anal Bioanal Chem 391:2609–2615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Cole RB (1997) Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, fundamentals, instrumentation and applications. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Schilling M, Janasek D, Franzke J (2008) Anal Bioanal Chem 391:555–561CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ISAS, Institut für Spektrochemie und Angewandte SpektroskopieDortmundGermany

Personalised recommendations