Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 392, Issue 7–8, pp 1411–1418 | Cite as

Design of acidochromic dyes for facile preparation of pH sensor layers

  • Gerhard J. Mohr
  • Heidrun Müller
  • Beate Bussemer
  • Annegret Stark
  • Tommaso Carofiglio
  • Sabine Trupp
  • Rüdiger Heuermann
  • Thomas Henkel
  • Daniel Escudero
  • Leticia González
Original Paper


Eight new acidochromic dyes have been synthesised that can be used for optically monitoring pH in the range from 3 to 12. Their corresponding pK a values have been both measured and calculated theoretically by means of density functional theory. The synthesis of these new dyes is facile without the need for chromatographic purification. The dyes can be covalently linked to polymers containing hydroxyl functions such as cellulose, polyurethane hydrogel, and hydroxyalkyl methacrylate. The resulting sensor layers exhibit significant colour changes both in the UV and in the visible spectral range.


Sensor layers based on covalently immobilised pH indicator dyes show fast and fully reversible colour changes.


Optical sensors pH measurement Polymers 



This work was supported by the Heisenberg fellowship MO 1062/1–2 and the project MO 1062/2–2 of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, the BMBF project 13N9535, the Carl-Zeiss Stiftung, the Stiftung für Technologie, Innovation und Forschung Thüringen, the EU within the Marie Curie project MTKD-CT-029554, and the “Fundació Sa Nostra” (D.E.). This support is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerhard J. Mohr
    • 1
  • Heidrun Müller
    • 1
  • Beate Bussemer
    • 1
  • Annegret Stark
    • 2
  • Tommaso Carofiglio
    • 3
  • Sabine Trupp
    • 1
    • 4
  • Rüdiger Heuermann
    • 4
  • Thomas Henkel
    • 5
  • Daniel Escudero
    • 6
  • Leticia González
    • 6
  1. 1.Institute of Physical ChemistryFriedrich-Schiller University JenaJenaGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Technical Chemistry and Environmental ChemistryFriedrich-Schiller University JenaJenaGermany
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche and ITM-CNR, Sezione PadovaUniversità di PadovaPadovaItaly
  4. 4.TriOS GmbHOldenburgGermany
  5. 5.Institute of Photonic TechnologyJenaGermany
  6. 6.Institute of Physical ChemistryTheoretical Chemistry, Friedrich-Schiller University JenaJenaGermany

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