Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 391, Issue 3, pp 1081–1089 | Cite as

Molecular iodine selective membrane for iodate determination in salt samples: chemical amplification and preconcentration

  • P. R. Bhagat
  • A. K. Pandey
  • R. Acharya
  • V. Natarajan
  • N. S. Rajurkar
  • A. V. R. ReddyEmail author
Original Paper


A molecular iodine selective membrane has been used for preconcentration of I2 generated in situ by iodometric reaction of \({\text{IO}}_{\text{3}}^ - \) with excess I in acidic medium (pH 1–2). This iodometric reaction amplifies the iodine content six times resulting in enhancement of analytical response ranging from three times for molecular methods to six times for elemental methods. The chemical conditions of this iodometric reaction were optimized for quantitative generation and subsequent sorption of I2 in the membrane samples (96 ± 3%). The homogeneous transparent membrane was prepared by immobilizing I2-complexing polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) in the plasticized cellulose triacetate matrix. Four different analytical methods were examined for quantitative determination of \({\text{IO}}_{\text{3}}^ - \) in iodized salt samples by preconcentrating it as I2 in the membrane matrix. These methods were: (1) spectrophotometry of the PVP-I2 complex formed in the membrane matrix, (2) a radiotracer method using I tagged with 131I radiotracer, (3) instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), and (4) energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) analysis. The \({\text{IO}}_{\text{3}}^ - \) contents thus determined in the iodized salt samples by the membrane-based radiotracer method were compared with the total iodine determined in salt samples by epithermal instrumental neutron activation analysis (EINAA). The membrane-based method for iodate determination in salt samples has advantages over conventional analytical methods, for example preconcentration and chemical amplification, and is free from interference from anions.


A molecular iodine selective membrane was used for the quantitative preconcentration of I2 generated in situ by iodometric reaction of \({\text{IO}}_{\text{3}}^ - \) with excess I− in acidic medium, which amplifies iodine content six times


Iodometric reaction Iodate Membrane Preconcentration Chemical amplification Iodized salt 



The authors thank Dr V.K. Manchanda, Head, Radiochemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Professor R. S. Kusurkar, Head, Dept of Chemistry, Pune University, and Professor B.S.M. Rao, former Head, Dept of Chemistry, Pune University for their constant support and encouragement. One of the Authors (P.B.) thanks the Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences (BRNS), DAE, India for financial assistance of the project under BARC- Pune University MoU.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. R. Bhagat
    • 1
  • A. K. Pandey
    • 2
  • R. Acharya
    • 2
  • V. Natarajan
    • 2
  • N. S. Rajurkar
    • 1
  • A. V. R. Reddy
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of PunePuneIndia
  2. 2.Radiochemistry DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreTrombay, MumbaiIndia

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