Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 387, Issue 7, pp 2357–2363 | Cite as

Development of a murre (Uria spp.) egg control material

  • Stacy S. Vander Pol
  • Michael B. Ellisor
  • Rebecca S. Pugh
  • Paul R. Becker
  • Dianne L. Poster
  • Michele M. Schantz
  • Stefan D. Leigh
  • Bryan J. Wakeford
  • David G. Roseneau
  • Kristin S. Simac
Original Paper

Abstract

The Seabird Tissue Archival and Monitoring Project (STAMP) is a collaborative Alaska-wide effort by the US Fish and Wildlife Service’s Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge (USFWS/AMNWR), the US Geological Survey’s Biological Resources Division (USGS/BRD), the Bureau of Indian Affairs Alaska Region Subsistence Branch (BIA/ARSB), and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to monitor long-term (decadal) trends in environmental contaminants using seabird eggs. To support this effort, a matrix- (seabird egg) and concentration-specific control material was needed to ensure quality during analytical work. Although a herring gull egg quality assurance (HGQA) material is available from Environment Canada (EC), contaminant concentrations in this material tended to be higher than those observed in Alaskan murre (Uria spp.) eggs. Therefore, to prepare a more appropriate control material, a total of 12 common murre (U. aalge) and thick-billed murre (U. lomvia) eggs from four Bering Sea and Gulf of Alaska nesting locations were cryohomogenized to create 190 aliquots each containing approximately 6 g. This new control material was analyzed by different methods at NIST and EC facilities for the determination of concentrations and value assignment of 63 polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners, 20 organochlorine pesticides, and 11 polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners. The total PCB concentration is approximately 58 ng g−1 wet mass. Results obtained for analytes not listed on the certificates of analysis of the previously used control materials, HGQA and NIST’s Standard Reference Material (SRM) 1946 Lake Superior Fish Tissue, are also presented.

Keywords

Control material Seabird Egg PCBs PBDEs Organochlorine pesticides 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the egg collectors: Andrew Ramey (USGS), Kent Sundseth (USFWS), Bruce Tungwenuk (Sitnasuak Native Corporation) and Brandon Waghiyi (St. Lawrence Island).

Disclaimer

Certain commercial equipment or instruments are identified in this paper to adequately specify the experimental procedures. Such identification does not imply recommendations or endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology nor does it imply that the equipment or instruments are the best available for the purpose.

References

  1. 1.
    York GW, Porter BJ, Pugh RS, Roseneau DG, Simac K, Becker PR, Thorsteinson LK, Wise SA (2001) Seabird Tissue Archival and Monitoring Project: protocol for collecting and banking seabird eggs. NISTIR 6735, Gaithersburg, MDGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Vander Pol SS, Christopher SJ, Roseneau DG, Becker PR, Day RD, Kucklick JR, Pugh RS, Simac KS, York GW (2003) Seabird Tissue Archival and Monitoring Project: egg collections and analytical results for 1999–2002. NISTIR 7029, Gaithersburg, MDGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zeisler R, Langland JK, Harrison SA (1983) Anal Chem 55:2431–2434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement (1993) ISBN 92-67-10188-9, 1st edn. ISO, Geneva, Switzerland; see also Taylor BN, Kuyatt CE (1994) Guidelines for evaluating and expressing the uncertainty of NIST measurement results. NIST Technical Note 1297, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (available at http://physics.nist.gov/Pubs)
  5. 5.
    Poster DL, Kucklick JR, Schantz MM, Porter BJ, Leigh SD, Wise SA (2003) Anal Bioanal Chem 375:223–241Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Poster DL, Kucklick JR, Lopez de Alda MJ, Porter BJ, Pugh RS, Schantz MM, Wise SA (2004) Anal Bioanal Chem 378:1213–1231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wise SA, Poster DL, Schantz MM, Kucklick JR, Sander LC, Lopez de Alda MJ, Schubert P, Parris RM, Porter BJ (2004) Anal Bioanal Chem 378:1251–1264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Vander Pol SS, Becker PR, Kucklick JR, Pugh RS, Roseneau DG, Simac KS (2004) Environ Sci Technol 38:1305–1312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Won, HT, Mulvihill, MJ, Wakeford, BJ (2001) Multiresidue methods for the determination of chlorinated pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in wildlife tissues by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Technical Report Series No 335E, Canadian Wildlife Service, Headquarters, Hull Québec, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Simonich SL, Hites RA (1995) Science 269:1851–1854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ockenden WA, Sweetman AJ, Prest HF, Steinnes E, Jones, KC (1998) Environ Sci Technol 32:2795–2803CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sobek A, Gustafsson Ö (2004) Environ Sci Technol 38:2746–2751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sellström U, Bignert A, Kierkegaard A, Häggberg L, De Wit CA, Olsson M, Jansson B (2003) Environ Sci Technol 37:5496–5501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang D, Huelck K, Atkinson S, Li QX (2005) Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 75:760–767CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stacy S. Vander Pol
    • 1
  • Michael B. Ellisor
    • 1
  • Rebecca S. Pugh
    • 1
  • Paul R. Becker
    • 1
  • Dianne L. Poster
    • 2
  • Michele M. Schantz
    • 2
  • Stefan D. Leigh
    • 3
  • Bryan J. Wakeford
    • 4
  • David G. Roseneau
    • 5
  • Kristin S. Simac
    • 6
  1. 1.Hollings Marine Laboratory, Analytical Chemistry DivisionNational Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)CharlestonUSA
  2. 2.Analytical Chemistry DivisionNational Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)GaithersburgUSA
  3. 3.Statistical Engineering DivisionNational Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)GaithersburgUSA
  4. 4.National Wildlife Research CentreEnvironment CanadaOttawaCanada
  5. 5.Alaska Maritime National Wildlife RefugeU.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceHomerUSA
  6. 6.Alaska Science CenterU.S. Geological SurveyAnchorageUSA

Personalised recommendations