Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 387, Issue 3, pp 847–860 | Cite as

Non-invasive and non-destructive micro-XRF and micro-Raman analysis of a decorative wallpaper from the beginning of the 19th century

  • Kepa Castro
  • Maite Pérez-Alonso
  • María Dolores Rodríguez-Laso
  • Nestor Etxebarria
  • Juan Manuel Madariaga
Original Paper


Non-destructive and non-invasive micro-Raman fibre optic and micro-XRF analyses were performed to study a wallpaper from the beginning of the 19th century. The complementarity of these two non-destructive techniques is shown in this work. The analysed artwork is considered one of the most beautiful wallpapers ever manufactured according to the catalogues and books; it is known as Chasse de Compiègne, manufactured by Jacquemart, Paris, in 1812. During the analysis, an unexpected pigment was detected by both analytical techniques: lead-tin yellow type II. This pigment was used until ca. 1750, when other yellow pigments replaced it, thus it is very difficult to find it in paintings afterwards. Together with this pigment, red lead, Prussian blue, brochantite, yellow iron oxide, calcium carbonate, vermilion, carbon black of animal origin (bone black), lead white, and raw and burnt sienna were also determined by combining the analytical information provided by both techniques. A possible degradation of brochantite to antlerite is also discussed.


Pigment Wallpaper Raman XRF Artwork Basic copper sulphate 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kepa Castro
    • 1
  • Maite Pérez-Alonso
    • 1
  • María Dolores Rodríguez-Laso
    • 2
  • Nestor Etxebarria
    • 1
  • Juan Manuel Madariaga
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Analytical ChemistryUniversity of the Basque CountryBilbaoSpain
  2. 2.Department of PaintingUniversity of the Basque CountryBilbaoSpain

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