Stoichiometry determination of (Pb,La)(Zr,Ti)O3-type nano-crystalline ferroelectric ceramics by wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry
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Analysis of small samples of lanthanum-doped lead zirconate titanate (PLZT) by wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (WDXRF) is presented. The powdered material in ca. 30 mg was suspended in water and collected on the membrane filter. The pure oxide standards (PbO, La2O3, ZrO2 and TiO2) were used for calibration. The matrix effects were corrected using a theoretical influence coefficients algorithm for intermediate-thickness specimens. The results from XRF method were compared with the results from the inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Agreement between XRF and ICP-OES analysis was satisfactory and indicates the usefulness of XRF method for stoichiometry determination of PLZT.
KeywordsFerroelectrics PLZT XRF ICP-OES
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