Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 384, Issue 7–8, pp 1558–1566 | Cite as

Cascade ultrafiltration and competing ligand exchange for kinetic speciation of aluminium, iron, and nickel in fresh water

  • Nouri M. Hassan
  • John D. Murimboh
  • Amina L. R. Sekaly
  • Rupasri Mandal
  • Chuni L. Chakrabarti
  • D. Conrad Grégoire
Original Paper

Abstract

Kinetic speciation of nickel, aluminium, and iron in fresh water has been investigated by cascade ultrafiltration followed by competing ligand exchange of the ultrafiltered fractions. Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry was used to measure the kinetics of metal complex dissociation. Dissolved metal species were fractionated by cascade ultrafiltration. Metal speciation in each ultrafiltered fraction was then characterized as free metal ions, “labile” metal complexes (with dissociation rate constants ≥10−3 s−1), “slowly labile” metal complexes (with dissociation rate constants >10−6 s−1), and “inert” metal complexes (with dissociation rate constants <10−6 s−1). The experimental results were compared with the predictions of a computer-based equilibrium speciation model, the Windermere humic aqueous model (WHAM) V. Cascade ultrafiltration coupled with kinetic speciation of the metal species in each molecular weight cut-off (MWCO) fraction provided a more comprehensive picture and insight into the physical and the chemical characteristics of the metal species than either ultrafiltration or measurement of dissociation kinetics alone.

Keywords

Chemical speciation Kinetics Cascade ultrafiltration Metals Fresh waters 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Nickel Producers Environmental Research Association, USA, Inco Ltd. and Falconbridge Ltd., Canada, for three research contracts, to the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), for a research grant, the Metals in the Environment-Research Network Grant, Ontario Power Generation Inc., and the Mining Association of Canada. N.M. Hassan is grateful to the Government of Libya for a postgraduate scholarship.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nouri M. Hassan
    • 1
  • John D. Murimboh
    • 3
  • Amina L. R. Sekaly
    • 1
  • Rupasri Mandal
    • 1
  • Chuni L. Chakrabarti
    • 1
  • D. Conrad Grégoire
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryCarleton UniversityOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Geological Survey of CanadaOttawaCanada
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryAcadia UniversityWolfvilleCanada

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