Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 384, Issue 2, pp 343–353 | Cite as

Chemical and biological sensors based on organic thin-film transistors

Review

Abstract

The application of organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) to chemical and biological sensing is reviewed. This review covers transistors that are based on the modulation of current through thin organic semiconducting films, and includes both field-effect and electrochemical transistors. The advantages of using OTFTs as sensors (including high sensitivity and selectivity) are described, and results are presented for sensing analytes in both gaseous and aqueous environments. The primary emphasis is on the major developments in the field of OTFT sensing over the last 5–10 years, but some earlier work is discussed briefly to provide a foundation.

Keywords

Gas sensors Biosensors Organic field-effect transistors Microelectrochemical enzyme transistors 

References

  1. 1.
    Torsi L (2000) Microelectron Reliab 40:779–782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bartlett PN, Astier Y (2000) Chem Commun 105–112Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Katz HE (2004) Electroanal 16:1837–1842CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chen H, Josowicz M, Janata J, Potje-Kamloth K (2004) Chem Mater 16:4728–4735CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ebisawa F, Kurokawa T, Nara S (1983) J Appl Phys 54:3255–3259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kudo K, Yamashina M, Moriizumi T (1984) Jpn J Appl Phys 23:130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tsumura A, Koezuka H, Ando T (1986) Appl Phys Lett 49:1210–1212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Madru M, Guillaud G, Sadoun MA, Maitrot M, Clarisse C, Contellec ML, André J-J, Simon J (1987) Chem Phys Lett 142:103–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Laurs H, Heiland G (1987) Thin Solid Films 149:129–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Assadi A, Gustafsson G, Willander M, Svensson C, Inganas O (1990) Synth Met 37:123–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ohmori Y, Takahashi H, Muro K, Uchida M, Kawai T, Yoshino K (1991) Jpn J Appl Phys 30:L1247–L1249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hu W, Liu Y, Xu Y, Liu S, Zhou S, Zhu D, Xu B, Bai C, Wang C (2000) Thin Solid Films 360:256–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bouvet M, Leroy A, Simon J, Tournilhac F, Guillaud G, Lessnick P, Maillard A, Spirkovitch S, Debliquy M, Haan a D, Decroly A (2001) Sens Actuators B 72:86–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bouvet M, Guillaud G, Leroy A, Maillard A, Spirkovitch S, Tournilhac FG (2001) Sens Actuators B 73:63–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Torsi L, Dodabalapur A, Sabbatini L, Zambonin PG (2000) Sens Actuators B 67:312–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Torsi L, Dodabalapur A, Cioffi N, Sabbatini L, Zambonin PG (2001) Sens Actuators B 77:7–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhu ZT, Mason JT, Dieckmann R, Malliaras GG (2002) Appl Phys Lett 81:4643–4645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Qiu Y, Hu YC, Dong GF, Wang LD, Xie JF, Ma YN (2003) Appl Phys Lett 83:1644–1646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Li D, Borkent E-J, Nortrup R, Moon H, Katz H, Bao Z (2005) Appl Phys Lett 86:042105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Crone B, Dodabalapur A, Gelperin A, Torsi L, Katz HE, Lovinger AJ, Bao Z (2001) Appl Phys Lett 78:2229–2231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Crone BK, Dodabalapur A, Sarpeshkar R, Gelperin A, Katz HE, Bao Z (2002) J Appl Phys 91:10140–10146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Torsi L, Lovinger AJ, Crone B, Someya T, Dodabalapur A, Katz HE, Gelperin A (2002) J Phys Chem B 106:12563–12568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Someya T, Katz HE, Gelperin A, Lovinger AJ, Dodabalapur A (2002) Appl Phys Lett 81:3079–3081CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Torsi L, Tanese M, Cioffi N, Gallazzi M, Sabbatini L, Zambonin P, Raos G, Meille S, Giangregorio M (2003) J Phys Chem B 107:7589–7594CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Torsi L, Tafuri A, Cioffi N, Gallazzi MC, Sassella A, Sabbatini L, Zambonin PG (2003) Sens Actuators B 93:257–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Tanese MC, Torsi L, Cioffi N, Zotti LA, Colangiuli D, Farinola GM, Babudri F, Naso F, Giangregorio MM, Sabbatini L, Zambonin PG (2004) Sens Actuators B 100:17–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Wang L, Fine D, Dodabalapur A (2004) Appl Phys Lett 85:6386–6388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Someya T, Dodabalapur A, Gelperin A, Katz HE, Bao Z (2002) Langmuir 18:5299–5302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Bartic C, Palan B, Campitelli A, Borghs G (2002) Sens Actuators B 83:115–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bartic C, Campitelli A, Borghs S (2003) Appl Phys Lett 82:475–477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Loi A, Manunza I, Bonfiglio A (2005) Appl Phys Lett 86:103512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    White HS, Kittlesen GP, Wrighton MS (1984) J Am Chem Soc 106:5375–5377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Paul EW, Ricco AJ, Wrighton MS (1985) J Phys Chem 89:1441–1447CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Thackeray JW, White HS, Wrighton MS (1985) J Phys Chem 89:5133–5140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Thackeray JW, Wrighton MS (1986) J Phys Chem 90:6674–6679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Chao S, Wrighton MS (1987) J Am Chem Soc 109:6627–6631CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Gaponik NP, Shchukin DG, Kulak AI, Sviridov DV (1997) Mendeleev Commun 70–71Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Dabke RB, Singh GD, Dhanabalan A, Lal R, Contractor AQ (1997) Anal Chem 69:724–727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Saxena V, Shirodkar V, Prakash R (2000) J Solid State Electrochem 4:234–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Nilsson D, Kugler T, Svensson PO, Berggren M (2002) Sens Actuators B 86:193–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Matsue T, Nishizawa M, Sawaguchi T, Uchida I (1991) J Chem Soc Chem Commun 1029–1031Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Nishizawa M, Matsue T, Uchida I (1992) Anal Chem 64:2642–2644CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Hoa DT, Kumar TNS, Punekar NS, Srinivasa RS, Lal R, Contractor AQ (1992) Anal Chem 64:2645–2646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Bartlett PN, Birkin PR (1993) Anal Chem 65:1118–1119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Bartlett PN, Birkin PR (1994) Anal Chem 66:1552–1559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Bartlett PN, Wang JH, James W (1998) Analyst 123:387–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Bartlett PN, Birkin PR, Wang JH, Palmisano F, De Benedetto G (1998) Anal Chem 70:3685–3694CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Bartlett PN, Wang JH (1996) J Chem Soc Faraday Trans 92:4137–4143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Bartlett PN, Wang JH, Wallace ENK (1996) Chem Commun 3:359–360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Sangodkar H, Sukeerthi S, Srinivasa RS, Lal R, Contractor AQ (1996) Anal Chem 68:779–783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Sukeerthi S, Contractor AQ (1999) Anal Chem 71:2231–2236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Battaglini F, Bartlett PN, Wang JH (2000) Anal Chem 72:502–509CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Raffa D, Leung KT, Battaglini F (2003) Anal Chem 75:4983–4987CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Astier Y, Bartlett PN (2004) Bioelectrochemistry 64:15–22CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Astier Y, Bartlett PN (2004) Bioelectrochemistry 64:53–59CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Kanungo M, Srivastava DN, Kumar A, Contractor AQ (2002) Chem Commun 7:680–681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Krishnamoorthy K, Gokhale RS, Contractor AQ, Kumar A (2004) Chem Commun 7(7):820–821CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Zhu ZT, Mabeck JT, Zhu CC, Cady NC, Batt CA, Malliaras GG (2004) Chem Commun 13:1556–1557CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Mabeck JT, Defranco JA, Bernards DA, Malliaras GG, Hocdé S, Chase CJ (2005) Appl Phys Lett 87:013503CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringCornell UniversityNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations