Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 382, Issue 7, pp 1534–1540 | Cite as

Molecularly-imprinted polypyrrole-modified stainless steel frits for selective solid phase preconcentration of ochratoxin A

  • Jorn C. C. Yu
  • Svetla Krushkova
  • Edward P. C. LaiEmail author
  • Ewa Dabek-Zlotorzynska
Original Paper


A molecularly-imprinted polymer (MIP) was prepared by electropolymerization of pyrrole (Py) onto a stainless steel frit, using ochratoxin A (OTA) as the template, in order to make a micro solid phase preconcentration (μSPP) device. The OTA template was removed with 1% triethylamine (TEA) in methanol. Compared to non-imprinted polypyrrole (PPy), the molecularly-imprinted polypyrrole (MIPPy) enhanced the selective binding of OTA. The percentage recovery improved from 0 to 40% when the OTA sample solution was acidified with 1 M HCl (1% by volume). At a flow rate of 0.2 mL/min, maximum OTA binding was reached in 6 min after a total loading of 3.2 ng OTA. Final elution of the OTA was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection, using 20:80 v/v acetonitrile–ammonia buffer (NH4Cl/NH3, 20 mM, pH 9.2) as the mobile phase. The MIPPy-μSPP-HPLC results clearly demonstrated that the MIPPy-μSPP device afforded selective preconcentration of OTA from red wine samples, at OTA concentration levels as low as 0.05 ppb, prior to HPLC analysis.


Electro-imprinting Molecularly-imprinted polymer Polypyrrole Stainless steel frit Micro solid phase preconcentration Ochratoxin A 



Financial support of the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) Canada is gratefully acknowledged. S.K. thanks Environment Canada for funding of a Science Horizons Youth Internship Program placement.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorn C. C. Yu
    • 1
  • Svetla Krushkova
    • 1
  • Edward P. C. Lai
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ewa Dabek-Zlotorzynska
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Ottawa-Carleton Chemistry InstituteCarleton UniversityOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Environmental Technology CentreEnvironment CanadaOttawaCanada

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