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Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 382, Issue 6, pp 1438–1443 | Cite as

Fluorescence spectroscopy for monitoring deterioration of extra virgin olive oil during heating

  • Rana CheikhousmanEmail author
  • Manuela Zude
  • Delphine Jouan-Rimbaud Bouveresse
  • Claude L. Léger
  • Douglas N. Rutledge
  • Inés Birlouez-Aragon
Short Communication

Abstract

The potential of fluorescence spectroscopy for characterizing the deterioration of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) during heating was investigated. Two commercial EVOO were analysed by HPLC to determine changes in EVOO vitamin E and polyphenols as a result of heating at 170°C for 3 h. This thermal oxidation of EVOO caused an exponential decrease in hydroxytyrosol and vitamin E (R2=0.90 and 0.93, respectively) whereas the tyrosol content was relatively stable. At the same time, amounts of preformed hydroperoxides (ROOH), analysed by an indirect colorimetric method, decreased exponentially during the heating process (R2=0.94), as a result of their degradation into secondary peroxidation products. Fluorescence excitation spectra with emission at 330 and 450 nm were recorded to monitor polyphenols and vitamin E evolution and ROOH degradation, respectively. Partial least-squares calibration models were built to predict these indicators of EVOO quality from oil fluorescence spectra. A global approach was then proposed to monitor the heat charge from the overall fluorescence fingerprint. Different data pretreatment methods were tested. This study indicates that fluorescence spectroscopy is a promising, rapid, and cost-effective approach for evaluating the quality of heat-treated EVOO, and is an alternative to time-consuming conventional analyses. In future work, calibration models will be developed using a wide range of EVOO samples.

Keywords

Olive oil Fluorescence EVOO Polyphenols Vitamin E PLS 

Notes

Conflict of interest:

No information supplied

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rana Cheikhousman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Manuela Zude
    • 1
  • Delphine Jouan-Rimbaud Bouveresse
    • 1
  • Claude L. Léger
    • 2
  • Douglas N. Rutledge
    • 1
  • Inés Birlouez-Aragon
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de chimie analytique, Institut National Agronomique Paris-GrignonINRA UMR Ingénierie Analytique pour la Qualité des Aliments (IAQA)Paris cedex 05France
  2. 2.Laboratoire Nutrition Humaine et AthérogénèseInstitut de BiologieMontpellier Cedex 02France

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