Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 382, Issue 1, pp 125–133

An environmentally friendly method for the extraction and determination of priority phenols in soils using microwave-assisted micellar extraction

  • Cristina Mahugo Santana
  • Zoraida Sosa Ferrera
  • José J. Santana Rodríguez
Original Paper


A non-ionic surfactant, polyoxyethylene 10 lauryl ether (POLE), was used for the microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) of priority phenolic compounds from soil samples. A central composite design was applied to optimize the extraction parameters, namely, time and power. Under the optimized conditions, the method was applied to different soil samples in order to analyze the influence of soil characteristics on the phenol extraction. Results demonstrated that most of these compounds can be recovered from the soils investigated in good yields (higher than 80%). The standard deviation is lower than 9% (n = 6) for most analytes. Validation of the method by analyzing a reference soil sample containing eight phenols and a comparison with Soxhlet extraction are also reported.


Phenols Micellar medium Extraction methods Microwave Soils High-performance liquid chromatography 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristina Mahugo Santana
    • 1
  • Zoraida Sosa Ferrera
    • 1
  • José J. Santana Rodríguez
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Marine SciencesUniversity of Las Palmas de Gran CanariaLas Palmas de Gran CanariaSpain

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