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Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 383, Issue 6, pp 977–984 | Cite as

Classifying wine according to geographical origin via quadrupole-based ICP–mass spectrometry measurements of boron isotope ratios

  • Paul P. Coetzee
  • Frank Vanhaecke
Original Paper

Abstract

The potential of quadrupole-based ICP–MS as a tool for B-isotopic analysis of wines and its usefulness in provenance determinations were assessed. A precision of 0.1–0.25% RSD (corresponding to a relative standard deviation of the mean of three replicate measurements of 0.06–0.12%) was sufficient to establish small differences in the B isotope ratios in wines from different geographical origins. Each sample measurement was bracketed by measurements of a standard and mass bias drift correction made by interpolation. Sample preparation was kept to a minimum to avoid possible fractionation. Dilution of the wine samples by a factor of 100 with 0.65% HNO3 was found to reduce matrix-induced mass discrimination substantially. Wines from three wine-producing regions, Stellenbosch, Robertson, and Swartland, in the Western Cape Province of South Africa, and wines from specific regions in France (Bergerac) and Italy (Valpolicella) were analyzed by ICP–QMS for their B-isotopic compositions. It was concluded that the 11B/10B ratios can be used to characterize wines from different geographical origins. Average 11B/10B ratios in red wines from South Africa (Stellenbosch), France (Bergerac), and Italy (Valpolicella) were found to differ by between 0.5 and 1.5%.

Keywords

ICP–mass spectrometry Boron isotope ratio Wine provenance 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors would like to thank the VINPRO representatives in Stellenbosch, Robertson and Swartland as well as the many producers who ultimately provided the samples from the South African wine regions. They would also like to thank the Research Fund of Ghent University (Flemish/South African bilateral scientific and technological cooperation, Project No. 011S2403), the South African National Research Foundation, Winetech (Project No. WW08/28) and the Fund for Scientific Research—Flanders (Research project No. G. 0037.01) for research funding.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa
  2. 2.Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry Ghent UniversityInstitute for Nuclear SciencesGhentBelgium

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