Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 381, Issue 2, pp 279–301 | Cite as

Passive sampling and/or extraction techniques in environmental analysis: a review

  • Jacek Namieśnik
  • Bożena Zabiegała
  • Agata Kot-Wasik
  • Monika Partyka
  • Andrzej Wasik
Review

Abstract

The current state-of-the-art of passive sampling and/or extraction methods for long-term monitoring of pollutants in different environmental compartments is discussed in this review. Passive dosimeters that have been successfully used to monitor organic and inorganic contaminants in air, water, sediments, and soil are presented. The application of new approaches to the determination of pollutants at the sampling stage is discussed. The main milestones in the development of passive techniques for sampling and/or extraction of analytes, and in biomonitors used in environmental analysis, are summarized in this review. Passive samplers and biomonitors are compared.

Keywords

Sampling/extraction techniques Passive sampling Environmental analysis Solid-phase microextraction Biomonitoring Speciation 

Abbreviations

ACC

Activated carbon cloth strips

BTX

Benzene, toluene, and xylenes

CAR

Carboxen

CAT

Capillary adsorption tubes

CW

Carbowax

DNPH

2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine

DSD

Carbonyl-diffusive sampling device

DVB

Divinylbenzene

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

ePTFE

Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene

GC

Gas chromatography

IGFF

Impregnated glass fiber filters

LDPE

Low-density polyethylene

LIPS

Liquid passive sampler

LOCD

Lawrence Berkeley national laboratory occupational carbon oxide dosimeter

MESCO

Membrane-enclosed sorptive coating sampler

NCPS

Nafion-coated passive sampler

NITC

1-Naphthylisothiocyanate

OC pesticides (OCP)

Organochlorine pesticides

OPFBHA

O-(2,3,4,5,6-Pentafluorobenzyl)hydroxylamine

OVM

Organic-vapor monitor

PA

Polyacrylate

PAH

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

PAKS

Personal aldehydes and ketones sampler

PAS

Passive air samplers

PCB

Polychlorinated biphenyls

PCDD

Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins

PCDF

Polychlorinated dibenzofurans

PDBE

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers

PDBS

Passive diffusion bag sampler

PDMS

Polydimethylsiloxane

PIMS

Passive integrative mercury sampler

PISCES

Passive in-situ concentration–extraction sampler

PLM

Permeation liquid membrane

POG

Polymer-coated glass

POP

Persistent organic pollutants

PPD

Parallel-plate dialyzer

PTFE

Polytetrafluoroethylene

PUF

Polyurethane foam

SBSE

Stir-bar-sorptive extraction

SLM

Supported liquid membrane

SLMD

Stabilized liquid membrane device

SPE

Solid-phase extraction

SPM

Semipermeable membrane

SPMD

Semipermeable membrane devices

SPME

Solid-phase microextraction

SVOC

Semi-volatile organic compounds

TEA

Triethanolamine

TPR

Templated resin

TRIMPS

Trimethylpentane solvent passive samplers

VOC

Volatile organic compounds

XRF

X-ray fluorescence

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacek Namieśnik
    • 1
  • Bożena Zabiegała
    • 1
  • Agata Kot-Wasik
    • 1
  • Monika Partyka
    • 1
  • Andrzej Wasik
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Analytical Chemistry, Chemical FacultyGdansk University of TechnologyGdanskPoland

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