Advertisement

Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 379, Issue 4, pp 674–683 | Cite as

Micro-Raman analysis of coloured lithographs

  • K. Castro
  • P. Vandenabeele
  • M. D. Rodríguez-Laso
  • L. Moens
  • J. M. Madariaga
Original Paper

Abstract

Raman micro-spectroscopy was chosen for analysis and identification of the pigments present in four nineteenth-century hand-coloured lithographs, as this technique has several advantages over others for this purpose. The possibility of performing completely non-destructive analysis without any sampling is probably one of its most favourable qualities for art analysis. Raman spectroscopy can also be used to determine some pigments that cannot be detected using FTIR, such as vermilion, carbon blacks, cadmium pigments, etc. Among others, Prussian blue, ultramarine blue, carbon black, chrome yellow, yellow ochre, red lead, red iron oxide, burnt Sienna, indigo blue, chrome orange, phthalocyanine green, and some other organic pigments, were determined in the specimens. The results obtained have led to doubts about the age of the lithographs.

Keywords

Raman Microscopy Lithographs Pigments Becquet freres Forgery 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was partially funded by the project UPV/14590/2002. K. Castro is grateful to the Spanish Government (MECD) for a pre-doctoral fellowship. P. Vandenabeele acknowledges the Fund for Scientific Research—Flanders (FWO-Vlaaderen) for his post-doctoral fellowship. The authors also thank the painter “Txupi” Sanz for letting them analyse the lithographs.

References

  1. 1.
    Withnall R, Derbyshire A, Regnault P, Kibrya RA (2001) Asian Chem Lett 5:105–115Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Smith GD, Derbyshire A, Clark RJH (2002) Stud Conserv 47:250–256Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gilbert B, Denoel S, Weber G, Allart D (2003) Analyst 128:1213–1217Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wehling B, Vandenabeele P, Moens L, Klockenkamper R, Von Bohlen A, Van Hooydonk G, De Reu M (1999) Mikrochim Acta 130:253–260Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Castro K, Rodriguez-Laso MD, Fernandez LA, Madariaga JM (2002) J Raman Spectrosc 33:17–25Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Edwards HGM, Farwell DW, Perez FR, Garcia JM (2001) Analyst 126:383–388Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bicchieri M, Nardone M, Sodo A (2001) Ann Chim 91:693–700Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Brown KL, Clark RJH (2002) Anal Chem 74:3658–3661Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Burgio L, Clark RJH (2000) J Raman Spectrosc 31:395–401Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bell SEJ, Bourguignon ESO, Dennis AC, Fields JA, McGarvey JJ, Seddon KR (2000) Anal Chem 72:234–239Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chaplin TD, Clark RJH, Beech DR (2002) J Raman Spectrosc 33:424–428Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wiedemann HG (2001) Chemie in Unserer Zeit 35:368–381Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Marcolli C, Wiedemann HG (2001) J Therm Anal Calorim 64:987–1000Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bell IM, Clark RJH, Gibbs PJ (1997) Spectrochim Acta 53A:2159–2179Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Burgio L, Clark RJH (2001) Spectrochim Acta 57A:1491–1521Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wehlte K (1975) The materials and techniques of painting. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Vandenabeele P, Wehling B, Moens L, Dekeyzer B, Cardon B, von Bohlen A, Klockenkamper R (1999) Analyst 124:169–172Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Vandenabeele P, Moens L, Edwards HGM, Raman DR (2000) J Raman Spectrosc 31:509–517Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bikiaris D, Daniilia S, Sotiropoulou S, Katsimbiri O, Pavlidou E, Moutsatsou AP, Chryssoulakis Y (2000) Spectrochim Acta 56A:3–18Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Vandenabeele P, Moens L (2003) Analyst 128:187–193Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Guineau B (1986) Les documents graphiques et photographiques. Archives Nationales, Paris, pp 185–205Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Feller RL (1986) (ed) Artists’ pigments a handbook of their history and characteristics, vol 1. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Matteini M, Moles A (1989) La chimica nel restauro I materiali dell’arte Pittorica. Nardini Editore, FirenzeGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Roy A (1993) (ed) Artists’ pigments a handbook of their history and characteristics, vol 2. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Coupry C, Laitié A, Revault M, Dufilho J (1994) J Raman Spectrosc 25:89–94Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Castro
    • 1
  • P. Vandenabeele
    • 2
  • M. D. Rodríguez-Laso
    • 3
  • L. Moens
    • 2
  • J. M. Madariaga
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Analytical ChemistryUniversity of the Basque CountryBilbaoSpain
  2. 2.Laboratory of Analytical ChemistryGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  3. 3.Department of PaintingUniversity of the Basque CountryBilbaoSpain

Personalised recommendations