Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 379, Issue 4, pp 582–587 | Cite as

Direct observation of reconstruction induced changes of surface stress for Sb on Si(111)

  • P. KuryEmail author
  • P. Zahl
  • M. Horn-von Hoegen
Special Issue Paper


With the combination of high resolution low energy electron diffraction and a bending sample technique we have simultaneously studied surface stress and surface structure during adsorption and desorption of antimony on the Si(111) surface. During desorption, several surface reconstructions with significantly different effects on the stress signal evolve. The surface stress of all observed structures has been obtained.


Stress Si(111) Antimony SSIOD SPA-LEED 



The authors thank M. Henzler, F. Meyer zu Heringdorf, M. Kammler, K. Roos, R. M. Tromp, M. C. Reuter, and especially E. Pehlke for fruitful discussions. Financial support by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft is gratefully acknowledged.


  1. 1.
    Hughes A, Shen TH, Matthai CC (1992) Antimony as a passivant of Si(111) in the Si(111) (√3×√3)-Sb system. In: Materials Research Society (MRS) Symposium B (Chemical Surface Preparation, Passivation and Cleaning for Semiconductor Growth and Processing), 27 April–1 May 1992, San Francisco, CA, xiii+529:505–10Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rich DH, Franklin GE, Leibsle FM, Miller T, Chiang TC (1989) Phys Rev B 40(17):11804–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Horn-von Hoegen M (1994) Appl Phys A 59(5):503–15Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Horn-von Hoegen M, Copel M, Tsang JC, Reuter MC, Tromp RM (1994) Phys Rev B 50(15):10811–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Reinking D, Kammler M, Hoffmann N, Horn-von Hoegen M, Hofmann KR (1999) Electron Lett 35(6):503–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kaxiras E (1995) Mat Sci Eng B–Solid 30(2–3):175–86Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Andrieu S (1991) J Appl Phys 69(3):1366–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Park CY, Abukawa T, Kinoshita T, Enta Y, Kono S (1988) Jpn J Appl Phys 27(1):147–8Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Elswijk HB, Dijkkamp D, van Loenen EJ (1991) Phys Rev B 44(8):3802–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Paliwal VK, Vedeshwar AG, Shivaprasad SM (2002) Surf Sci 513:L397–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Abukawa T, Park CY, Kono S (1988) Surf Sci 201(3):L513–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bengio S, Martin M, Avila J, Asensio MC, Ascolani H (2002) Phys Rev B 65:205326/1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kim C, Walko DA, Robinson IK (1997) Surf Sci 388(1–3):242–7Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kinoshita T, Enta Y, Ohta H, Yaegashi Y, Suzuki S, Kono S (1988) Surf Sci 204(3):405–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Luh DA, Sieger MT, Miller T, Chiang TC (1997) Surf Sci 374(1–3):345–9Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Martensson P, Meyer G, Amer NM, Kaxiras E, Pandey KC (1990) Phys Rev B 42(11):7230–3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Nakatani S, Saito A, Kuwahara Y, Takahashi T, Aono M, Kikuta S (1992) Jpn J Appl Phys 31(4A):L426–8Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Nakatani S, Kuwahara Y, Takahashi T, Aono M (1996) Surf Sci 357–358(20):65–8Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Westphal C, Schurmann M, Dreiner S, Zacharias H (2001) J Electron Spectrosc 114–116:437–42Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Woicik JC, Kendelewicz T, Miyano KE, Cowan PL, Bouldin CE, Karlin BA, Pianetta P, Spicer WE (1991) Phys Rev B 44(7):3475–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Yuhara J, Matsuda K, Hattori Y, Morita K (2000) Appl Surf Sci 162–163:368–74Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lifshits VG, Saranin AA, Zotov AV (1994) Surface phases on silicon. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ko YJ, Park KH, Ha JS, Yun WS (1999) Phys Rev B 59(7):4588–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kusumi Y, Fujita K, Ichikawa M (1997) Surf Sci 372(1–3):28–36Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Park KH, Ha JS, Yun WS, Lee EH, Yi JY, Park SJ (1997) J Vac Sci Technol A 15(3):1572–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Park KH, Ha JS, Yun WS, Lee EH, Yi JY, Park SJ (1997) Phys Rev B 55(15):9267–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Park KH, Ha JS, Yun WS, Lee EH, Yi JY, Park SJ (1997) J Korean Phys Soc 31:35–8Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Takayanagi K, Tanishiro Y, Takahashi S, Takahashi M (1985) Surf Sci 164:367–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Saranin AA, Zotov AV, Lifshits VG, Kubo O, Harada T, Katayama M, Oura K (2000) Surf Sci 447:15–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Okamoto K, Yoshimoto K, Sugawara Y, Morita S (2003) Appl Surf Sci 210(1–2):128–33Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Takeuchi N (1998), J Vac Sci Tech A 16(3):1790–3Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Schell-Sorokin AJ, Tromp RM (1990) Phys Rev Lett 64(9):1039–42CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Zahl P, Kury P, Horn-von Hoegen M (1999) Appl Phys A 69(5):481–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Stoney GG (1909) Proc R Soc Lon 82:172–5Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Ibach H (1997) Surf Sci Rep 29:193–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Ibach H (1999) Surf Sci Rep 35(1–2):71–3Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Hild R (2004) PhD Thesis. University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany (to be published)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Zahl P, Horn-von Hoegen M (2002) Rev Sci Instrum 73(8):2958–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Horn-von Hoegen M (1999) Z Kristallogr 214Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Zahl P, Bierkandt M, Schröder S, Klust A (2003) Rev Sci Instrum 74(3): 1222–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Martinez RE, Augustyniak WM, Golovchenko JA (1990) Phys Rev Lett 64(9):1035–8CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Ryland RG, Hasegawa S, Williams ED (1996) Surf Sci 345:222–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Voigtlander B, Kastner M (2000) Surf Sci 464:131–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Antons A, Cao Y, Voigtlander B, Schroeder K, Berger R, Blügel S (2003) Europhys Lett 62(4):547–53Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Andrieu S, Arnaud d’Avitaya F (1989) Surf Sci 219(1–2):277–93Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Ladeveze M, Treglia G, Muller P, Arnaud d’Avitaya F (1998) Surf Sci 395(2–3):317–25Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Muller P, Ranguis A, Ladeveze M, Arnaud d’Avitaya F, Treglia G (1998) Surf Sci 417(1):107–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Winter MJ (1993) Homepage of WebElements, the perodic table on the Web. (cited 13 January 2004)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Sutton LE (1958) Tables of interatomic distances and configurations in molecules and ions. The Chemical Society, LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Laser- und PlasmaphysikUniversität Duisburg-EssenEssenGermany
  2. 2.IBM Zürich Research LaboratoryZürichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations