Chiral resolution of derivatized amino acids using uniformly sized molecularly imprinted polymers in hydro-organic mobile phases
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Uniformly sized molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) for Boc-l-Trp were prepared using ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EDMA) as the cross-linker, and methacylic acid (MAA) and/or 4-vinylpyridine (4-VPY) as the functional monomers or without use of a functional monomer. The MIPs prepared were evaluated using acetonitrile or a mixture of phosphate buffer and acetonitrile as the mobile phase. The Boc-l-Trp-imprinted EDMA polymers can recognize Boc-l-Trp by its molecular shape, and can thus afford the enantioseparation of Boc-Trp. Besides the molecular shape recognition, the hydrophobic interactions with the polymer backbones as well as the hydrogen-bonding interactions of Boc-l-Trp with carboxyl and pyridyl groups in the polymers should work for the retention and recognition of Boc-l-Trp on the imprinted MAA-co-EDMA and 4-VPY-co-EDMA polymers, respectively, in the hydro-organic mobile phase. The hydrogen-bonding interactions seem to become dominant when only acetonitrile is used as the mobile phase. The Boc-l-Trp-imprinted 4-VPY-co-EDMA polymers gave the highest retentivity and enantioselectivity for Boc-Trp among the MIPs prepared. However, the simultaneous use of MAA and 4-VPY was not effective for the enantioseparation of Boc-Trp in a hydro-organic mobile phase. Furthermore, the baseline separation of Boc-Trp enantiomers was attained within 10 min on the Boc-l-Trp-imprinted 4-VPY-co-EDMA polymers under the optimized HPLC conditions.
KeywordsMolecular Imprinting Molecularly imprinted polymer Chiral stationary phase Enantiomer separation Derivatized amino acid
This work has been supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan to JH.
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