Fiber-optic biosensors – an overview
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This article reviews progress and developments during the past five years in the field of optical fiber biosensors. Because of the expense and time constraints associated with modern laboratory analysis, there is a growing need for real-time, low-cost technology that can be used industrially, environmentally, and clinically, and to monitor food processing. Miniaturization, integrated systems, and multianalyte determination have become key aspects of sensor development and efforts in this direction will also be discussed, with some pointers to likely directions of future research in the area. The review will provide information about the analytical characteristics and applications of fiber-optic biosensors classified depending on the biorecognition element employed – enzymes, whole cells, antibodies, nucleic acids, and biomimetic polymers.
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