Efficient electronic structure calculations for systems of one-dimensional periodicity with the restricted Hartree–Fock–linear combination of atomic orbitals method implemented in Fourier space
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Formulas are presented for restricted Hartree–Fock (RHF) calculations on systems with periodicity in one dimension using a basis set of contracted spherical Gaussians. Applying Fourier-space and Ewald-type methods, all lattice sums appearing in the formulation have been brought to forms exhibiting accelerated convergence. Calculations have been carried out for infinite chains of Li2 molecules and a poly(oxymethylene) chain. The methods used here yield results that are far more precise than corresponding direct-space calculations and for the first time show the vanishing of the RHF density of states at the Fermi level for situations of partial band occupancy. Our initial computational implementation was about 5 times slower than the fastest direct-space RHF code, but improvements in special-function evaluations and numerical integrations over the Brillouin zone are shown to remove this disparity in computing speed.
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