Protein polarization effects in the thermodynamic computation of vibrational Stark shifts

  • Alissa M. Richard
  • José A. GascónEmail author
Regular Article


Vibrational Stark effect (VSE) spectroscopy provides a direct measure of electrostatic fields within proteins. VSE also provides a unique way, still underutilized, to test the accuracy of electrostatic interactions in realistic finite-temperature simulations. Here, we quantify the electrostatic contributions of residues surrounding the catalytic reaction center in ketosteroid isomerase. Our goal is to understand how inter-residue charge transfer and local and non-local polarization affect the electric field at a molecular probe inside the protein. In particular, we show that polarization effects and charge transfer are essential to capture the correct thermodynamic structural average, which in turn affects the Stark shift.


QM/MM Vibrational Stark effect Polarization effects 



This work was partially supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation (CHE-1404998).

Supplementary material

214_2019_2522_MOESM1_ESM.docx (194 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 194 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

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