Theoretical Chemistry Accounts

, 131:1126 | Cite as

Ab initio classical trajectory calculations of 1,3-cyclobutanedione radical cation dissociation

  • Jia Zhou
  • H. Bernhard SchlegelEmail author
Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Barone Festschrift Collection


The dissociation of 1,3-cyclobutanedione radical cation was studied by ab initio direct classical trajectory calculations at the BH&HLYP/6-31G(d) level of theory. A microcanonical ensemble using normal mode sampling was constructed by distributing 10 kcal/mol of excess energy above the transition state for the tautomerization of the keto-enol to the diketo form. A total of 210 trajectories were run starting from this transition state, yielding chemically activated 1,3-cyclobutanedione radical cation. The majority of the trajectories resulted in CH2CO + CH2CO, with the activated CC bond breaking nearly twice as often as the spectator CC bond. The non-statistical behavior is observed because the rate of energy redistribution within the molecule is comparable to or slower than the dissociation rates. In addition to the expected products, dissociation to CH2COCH 2  + CO and formation of a proton-transferred product HCCO· + CH3CO+ were also seen in some of the trajectories.

Graphical abstract


Cyclobutanedione Ab initio MD Branching ratio Radical cation 



This work was supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation (CHE0910858). Computer time made available by Computing Grid of Wayne State University is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryWayne State UniversityDetroitUSA

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