Binding energy of gas molecule with two pyrazine molecules as organic linker in metal–organic framework: its theoretical evaluation and understanding of determining factors
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We explored the interactions of gas molecules such as H2, CH4, C2H4, C2H6, CO2, and CS2 sandwiched by two pyrazine (Pz) molecules, which were employed as a model of organic linker in the Hofmann-type metal–organic framework (MOF). The MP2.5/aug-cc-pVTZ method was employed here, because this method presents almost the same binding energy as that calculated by the CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVDZ with MP2.5-evaluated basis set extension effects to aug-cc-pVTZ basis set. The binding energy of the gas molecule increases in the order H2 < CH4 < CO2 < C2H4 ≈ C2H6 < CS2. The energy decomposition analysis of the interaction energy indicates that the electrostatic term presents the largest contribution to the interaction energy at the Hartree–Fock level. However, the dispersion interaction provides dominant contribution to the total binding energy at correlated level. We newly found a linear correlation between the z-component of polarizability of gas molecules and dispersion energy, where the z-axis was taken to be perpendicular to two Pz rings. These results are useful for understanding and predicting the binding energy of the gas molecule with the organic linkers of MOF.
KeywordsMetal–organic framework Binding energy Dispersion interaction Molecular polarizability
This work is financially supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Science, Sport, and Technology through Grant-in-Aids of Specially Promoted Research (No. 22000009) and Grand Challenge Project (IMS). We are also thankful to the computational facility at the Institute of Molecular Sciences, Okazaki, Japan.
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