Advertisement

Psychopharmacology

, Volume 140, Issue 1, pp 38–41 | Cite as

Influence of nicotine on simulator flight performance in non-smokers

  • M. S. Mumenthaler
  • Joy L. Taylor
  • Ruth O’Hara
  • Jerome A. Yesavage
ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION

Abstract

In a placebo-controlled study, we investigated the influence of nicotine on late-day aviation performance in 15 non-smoking subjects. In a within-subjects design, subjects were tested on 2 days, each lasting 8 h and consisting of three 75-min simulator flights (late-afternoon practice, evening test, night test). Prior to each test, subjects received either nicotine polacrilex 2 mg or placebo gum. As expected, overall performance was significantly better after nicotine, compared to placebo (P < 0.01). Post-hoc analysis of individual flight tasks showed that nicotine improved scores on approach to landing, a task which appears to require sustained attention. We conclude that nicotine may improve late-day flight performance in non-smoking aviators.

Key words Nicotine Cognition Psychomotor performance Task performance and analysis Aerospace medicine Attention Workload Chewing gum Non-smoker 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. S. Mumenthaler
    • 1
  • Joy L. Taylor
    • 1
  • Ruth O’Hara
    • 1
  • Jerome A. Yesavage
    • 1
  1. 1.Stanford University, School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, C301, Stanford, CA 94305–5550, USAUS

Personalised recommendations