Deramciclane, a putative anxiolytic drug, is a serotonin 5-HT2C receptor inverse agonist but fails to induce 5-HT2C receptor down-regulation
Deramciclane (EGIS-3886) is a novel anxiolytic agent that binds with high affinity to 5-HT2A/2C receptors. The interactions of deramciclane with the serotonin 5-HT2C receptor were characterized further using receptor phosphoinositide hydrolysis assays and receptor autoradiography. Deramciclane antagonized 5-HT2C receptor mediated 5-HT-stimulated phosphoinositide hydrolysis with an IC50 value of 168 nM. Deramciclane also decreased basal phosphoinositide hydrolysis by up to 33% (EC50 = 93 nM) in a physiological system in the choroid plexus, suggesting that deramciclane possesses inverse agonist properties at this receptor. Administration of single doses of 0.5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg resulted in a maximal 5-HT2C receptor occupancy of up to 45% and 79%, respectively, in the choroid plexus. Chronic (14 days) treatment with 0.5 mg/kg or 10 mg/kg deramciclane did not alter [125I]DOI (agonist) or [3H]mesulergine (antagonist) binding to 5-HT2C receptors in the choroid plexus compared to saline-treated controls, as determined by quantitative receptor autoradiography. In comparison, the effects of deramciclane on 5-HT2A binding characteristics and receptor occupancy were also studied. Deramciclane treatment resulted in 5-HT2A receptor occupancy of up to 78%, but no significant effect of chronic treatment on 5-HT2A receptor agonist binding levels was found. In conclusion, these data indicate that deramciclane is a 5-HT2C receptor inverse agonist and occupies 5-HT2C receptors during treatment, and that chronic treatment with deramciclane does not lead to 5-HT2C receptor down-regulation.
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