Cocaine-induced convulsions: pharmacological antagonism at serotonergic, muscarinic and sigma receptors
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The concurrent influence of multiple neurotransmitter systems in mediating cocaine-induced convulsions is predicted by the results of previous receptor binding studies. The present results demonstrate that pharmacological manipulations of these predicted neurotransmitter systems alters the occurrence of cocaine-induced convulsions. The 5-HT reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine enhanced the occurrence and severity of convulsions produced by 100 mg/kg (−) cocaine, while the 5-HT2 receptor antagonists cinanserin, ketanserin and pirenperone antagonized cocaine-induced convulsions in a dose-dependent manner. Further, the M1 receptor antagonist pirenzepine antagonized cocaine-induced convulsions, but atropine did not. In addition, both the (+) and (−) stereoisomers of the sigma ligand SKF 10047 significantly attenuated cocaine-induced convulsions. (+)SKF 10047 was more potent than (−)SKF 10047 in this effect, suggesting a stereoselective effect at sigma receptor sites. In contrast, DA and NE neurotransmission do not appear to modulate the proconvulsant effects of cocaine in a specific, dose-dependent manner. Thus, of the CNS binding sites with which cocaine is known to interact, the results are consistent with the conclusion that 5-HT transporters and 5-HT2 receptor sites appear to be direct and primary sites related to cocaine-induced convulsions, while M1 and sigma binding sites appear to play important but secondary and modulatory roles in this response.
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