Differential impairments across attentional networks in binge drinking
- 319 Downloads
The cognitive deficits observed in young binge drinkers have been largely documented during the last decade. Yet, these earlier studies have mainly focused on high-level cognitive abilities (particularly memory and executive functions), and uncertainty thus still abounds regarding the integrity of less complex cognitive processes in binge drinking. This is particularly true for attentional abilities, which play a crucial role in behavior regulation and are impaired in other alcohol-related disorders.
Objectives and methods
To specify the attentional deficits associated with binge drinking, two groups of university students (40 binge drinkers and 40 matched controls) performed the Attention Network Task, a theoretically grounded test assessing three independent attentional networks: alerting, orienting, and executive control.
Binge drinkers displayed preserved orienting performance but impaired alerting and executive control. Binge drinking is thus not related to a general attentional impairment but rather to specific impairments of the alerting and executive control networks.
These results underline that, beyond the already explored high-level deficits, binge drinking is also related to impairments for attentional abilities. In view of the role played by attentional impairments in alcohol dependence, the present data also suggest that rehabilitation programs should be developed to improve attentional abilities at the early stages of alcohol-related disorders.
KeywordsBinge drinking Alcohol dependence Attentional abilities Alerting Orienting Executive control
This research has been supported by the Belgian Fund for Scientific Research, the European Commission for Research on the problematic usage of information and communication technology [Grant ID: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IEF-627999], and the “Fondation pour la Recherche en Alcoologie (FRA)”. This research also received the support from a postdoctoral fellowship in clinical neuroscience from the “Helaers Foundation” and the “WBI World Excellence Grant: Competitive Cluster in Life Sciences—BIOWIN” (sub/2015/228106243177), both awarded to Alexandre Heeren.
Compliance with ethical standards
All participants provided their written informed consent. All the procedures contributing to this work were approved by the local ethics committee and complied with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008.
- Babor T, Higgins-Biddle J, Saunders J, Monteiro M (2001) The alcohol use disorders identification test: guidelines for use in primary care. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
- Beck AT, Steer RA, Brown GK (1996) Beck depression inventory manual, 2nd edn. Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TXGoogle Scholar
- Beck AT, Steer RA, Brown GK (1998) Beck depression inventory manual, 2nd edn. Editions du Centre de Psychologie Appliquee. French adaptation, ParisGoogle Scholar
- Bø R, Billieux J, Landrø NI (2016b) Binge drinking is characterized by decisions favoring positive and discounting negative consequences. Addict Res Theory 24:499–506. doi: 10.3109/16066359.2016.1174215
- Bruchon-Schweitzer M, Paulhan I (1993) Adaptation francophone de l’inventaire d’anxiété Trait-Etat (Forme Y) de Spielberger. Editions du Centre de Psychologie Appliquée, ParisGoogle Scholar
- Cordovil De Sousa Uva M, Luminet O, Cortesi M, Constant E, Derely M, De Timary P (2010) Distinct effects of protracted withdrawal on affect, craving, selective attention and executive functions among alcohol-dependent patients. Alcohol Alcohol 45:241–246. doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agq012 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Fan J, Mccandliss B, Sommer T, Raz A, Posner MI (2002) Testing the efficiency and independence of attentional networks. J Cogn Neurosci 14:340–347Google Scholar
- Fernández PJ, Campoy G, García Santos JM, Antequera MM, García-Sevilla J, Castillo A, Antúnez C, Fuentes LJ (2011) Is there a specific pattern of attention deficit in mild cognitive impairment with subcortical vascular features? Evidence from the attention network test. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 31:268–275. doi: 10.1159/000327165 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Gache P, Michaud P, Landry U, Accietto C, Arfaoui S, Wenger O, Daeppen JB (2005) The alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT) as a screening tool for excessive drinking in primary care: reliability and validity of a French version. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 29:2001–2007. doi: 10.1097/01.alc.0000187034.58955.64 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Hallgren K, McCrady B (2013) Interference in the alcohol Stroop task with college student binge drinkers. J Behav Health 2:112-119. doi: 10.5455/jbh.20130224082728
- Heeren A, Maurage P, Perrot H, De Volder A, Renier L, Araneda R, Lacroix E, Decat M, Deggouj N, Philippot P (2014) Tinnitus specifically alters the top-down executive control sub-component of attention: evidence from the attention network task. Behav Brain Res 269:147–154. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2014.04.043 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Heeren A, Billieux J, Philippot P, Maurage P (2015) Looking under the hood of executive function impairments in psychopathology: a commentary on “advancing understanding of executive function impairments and psychopathology: bridging the gap between clinical and cognitive approaches”. Front Psychol 6:1170. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01170 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Heffernan T, Clark R, Bartholomew J, Ling J, Stephens S (2010) Does binge drinking in teenagers affect their everyday prospective memory? Drug Alcohol Depend 109:73–78. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.12.013
- Kanny D, Liu Y, Brewer RD, Lu H (2013) Binge drinking—United States 2011. Natl Cent Chronic Dis Prev Health Promot 62:77–80Google Scholar
- Mota N, Parada M, Crego A, Doallo S, Caamaño-Isorna F, Rodríguez Holguín S, Cadaveira F, Corral M (2013) Binge drinking trajectory and neuropsychological functioning among university students: a longitudinal study. Drug Alcohol Depend 133:108–114. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.05.024 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Opgen-Rhein C, Neuhaus AH, Urbanek C, Hahn E, Sander T, Dettling M (2008) Executive attention in schizophrenic males and the impact of COMT Val108/158Met genotype on performance on the attention network test. Schizophr Bull 34:1231–1239. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbm155 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Schulte T, Müller-Oehring EM, Sullivan EV, Pfefferbaum A (2012) White matter fiber compromise contributes differentially to attention and emotion processing impairment in alcoholism, HIV-infection, and their comorbidity. Neuropsychologia 50:2812–2822. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.07.042 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Spielberger DC, Gorsuch RL, Lushene R, Vagg PR, Jacobs GA (1983) Manual for the state-trait anxiety inventory. Consulting Psychology Press, Palo AltoGoogle Scholar
- Squeglia LM, Schweinsburg AD, Pulido C, Tapert SF (2011) Adolescent binge drinking linked to abnormal spatial working memory brain activation: differential gender effects: adolescent binge drinking. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 35:1831–1841. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2011.01527.x CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar