Psychopharmacology

, Volume 232, Issue 15, pp 2773–2779 | Cite as

Heavy drinking, impulsivity and attentional narrowing following alcohol cue exposure

  • Joshua A. Hicks
  • Sherecce Fields
  • William E. Davis
  • Philip A. Gable
Original Investigation

Abstract

Rationale

Research shows that alcohol-related stimuli have the propensity to capture attention among individuals motivated to consume alcohol. Research has further demonstrated that impulsive individuals are especially prone to this type of attentional bias. Recently, it is suggested that alcohol cue exposure can also produce a general narrowing of attention consistent with the activation of approach motivational states.

Objective

Based on previous models of addiction and recent research on the activation of approach motivational states, we predicted that impulsive individuals would demonstrate a constriction of attentional focus in response to alcohol cue exposure.

Methods

Participants (n = 392) completed a task assessing attentional breadth in response to alcohol and non-alcohol cues, followed by measures of alcohol use and impulsivity.

Results

The findings revealed that impulsivity scores predicted narrowing of attentional scope following the presentation of alcohol cues for heavier drinkers but not for light drinkers.

Conclusion

These results suggest that impulsive individuals who drink more heavily demonstrate a narrowing of attention in the presence of alcohol-related incentive cues. Implications for how these findings might account for the link between impulsivity and alcohol use and misuse are discussed.

Keywords

Alcohol myopia Motivational intensity Impulsivity Approach motivation Attentional scope Attentional bias 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joshua A. Hicks
    • 1
  • Sherecce Fields
    • 1
  • William E. Davis
    • 1
  • Philip A. Gable
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.The University of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA

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