, Volume 195, Issue 1, pp 71–84 | Cite as

Effects of quinolinic acid-induced lesions of the nucleus accumbens core on inter-temporal choice: a quantitative analysis

  • G. Bezzina
  • T. H. C. Cheung
  • K. Asgari
  • C. L. Hampson
  • S. Body
  • C. M. Bradshaw
  • E. Szabadi
  • J. F. W. Deakin
  • I. M. Anderson
Original Investigation



There is evidence that lesions of the nucleus accumbens core (AcbC) promote preference for smaller earlier reinforcers over larger delayed reinforcers in inter-temporal choice paradigms. It is not known whether this reflects an effect of the lesion on the rate of delay discounting, on sensitivity to reinforcer magnitude, or both.


We examined the effect of AcbC lesions on inter-temporal choice using a quantitative method that allows effects on delay discounting to be distinguished from effects on sensitivity to reinforcer size.

Materials and methods

Sixteen rats received bilateral quinolinic acid-induced lesions of the AcbC; 14 received sham lesions. They were trained under a discrete-trials progressive delay schedule to press two levers (A and B) for a sucrose solution. Responses on A delivered 50 μl of the solution after a delay d A; responses on B delivered 100 μl after d B. d B increased across blocks of trials, while d A was manipulated across phases of the experiment. Indifference delay d B(50) (value of d B corresponding to 50% choice of B) was estimated in each phase, and linear indifference functions (d B(50) vs d A) derived.


dB(50) increased linearly with dA (r2 > 0.95 in each group). The intercept of the indifference function was lower in the lesioned than the sham-lesioned group; slope did not differ between groups. The lesioned rats had extensive neuronal loss in the AcbC.


The results confirm that lesions of the AcbC promote preference for smaller, earlier reinforcers and suggest that this reflects an effect of the lesion on the rate of delay discounting.


Quinolinic acid Excitotoxin Lesion Nucleus accumbens Inter-temporal choice Delay of reinforcement Delay discounting Rat 



This work was supported by the Wellcome Trust. We are grateful to Ms. V.K. Bak and Mr R.W. Langley for skilled technical help.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Bezzina
    • 1
  • T. H. C. Cheung
    • 1
  • K. Asgari
    • 1
  • C. L. Hampson
    • 1
  • S. Body
    • 1
  • C. M. Bradshaw
    • 1
  • E. Szabadi
    • 1
  • J. F. W. Deakin
    • 2
  • I. M. Anderson
    • 2
  1. 1.Psychopharmacology Section, Division of PsychiatryUniversity of NottinghamNottinghamUK
  2. 2.Neuroscience & Psychiatry Unit, Division of Psychiatry & Behavioural SciencesUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK

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