Psychopharmacology

, Volume 188, Issue 4, pp 641–649 | Cite as

The cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2 facilitates the extinction of contextual fear memory and spatial memory in rats

  • Fabrício A. Pamplona
  • Rui D. S. Prediger
  • Pablo Pandolfo
  • Reinaldo N. Takahashi
Original Investigation

Abstract

Rationale

Previous studies demonstrated that pharmacological blockade of CB1 cannabinoid receptors decreases the extinction of conditioned fear and spatial memory in rodents. However, the effects of CB1 cannabinoid receptor activation in this response remain unclear.

Objectives

To evaluate the effects of the cannabinoid agonist WIN 55,212-2 (WIN) and the cannabinoid antagonist SR 147778 (SR) on the extinction of contextual fear memory in rats 24 h or 30 days after fear conditioning.

Methods

For fear conditioning, rats were placed in the conditioning chamber for 3 min and received a 1-s electric foot shock (1.5 mA). Retrieval testing consisted of a 3-min exposure to the conditioning chamber and extinction training consisted of successive 9-min exposures at 24-h intervals. Rats were also evaluated in the open field and water maze reversal task.

Results

The administration of SR (1.0 mg/kg, i.p.) and WIN (0.25 mg/kg, i.p.) before extinction training disrupted and facilitated, respectively, the extinction of 24 h contextual fear memory. These effects were not related to any disturbance in memory retrieval, unconditioned freezing expression, or locomotor activity. WIN (0.25 mg/kg, i.p.) also facilitated the extinction of 30-day-old contextual fear memory, while the prior administration of SR (0.2 mg/kg, i.p.) antagonized this response. The facilitative effect of WIN on memory extinction does not seem to be specific for contextual fear memory because it was also observed in the water maze reversal task.

Conclusions

These results suggest cannabinoid receptor agonists as potential drugs to treat anxiety disorders related to the retrieval of aversive memories.

Keywords

Fear conditioning Spatial memory Extinction Cannabinoid WIN 55,212-2 SR 147778 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Sanofi-Aventis (France) who donated SR for the present study. We also thank the anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on an earlier draft of the manuscript. F. A. P., P. P., and R. D. S. P. received a scholarship from the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq-Brazil). R. N. T. is the holder of a CNPq fellowship.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabrício A. Pamplona
    • 1
  • Rui D. S. Prediger
    • 1
  • Pablo Pandolfo
    • 1
  • Reinaldo N. Takahashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Farmacologia, Centro de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário TrindadeFlorianópolisBrazil

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