, Volume 187, Issue 1, pp 1–12

Reduction in repeated ethanol-withdrawal-induced anxiety-like behavior by site-selective injections of 5-HT1A and 5-HT2C ligands

  • David H. Overstreet
  • Darin J. Knapp
  • Robert A. Angel
  • Montserrat Navarro
  • George R. Breese
Original Investigation



Anxiety-like behavior resulting from repeated withdrawals from chronic ethanol diets is counteracted by systemic administration of a 5-HT2C receptor antagonist or a 5-HT1A receptor partial agonist.


This study investigated whether prior treatment with these agents into the amygdala, dorsal raphe nucleus, nucleus accumbens, or paraventricular nucleus during early withdrawals would ameliorate the social interaction deficits observed after a subsequent withdrawal.


Sprague–Dawley rats were exposed to three cycles of 5 days of forced ethanol diet (4.5%, w/v), with 2 days of control diet after the first and second cycles. Drugs were administered into one of four brain sites 4 h after removal of ethanol on the first and 2nd cycles but not the third. The social interaction test was performed 5 h after removal of ethanol on the third cycle. Drugs tested included SB-243213, a 5-HT2C receptor inverse agonist; buspirone, a 5-HT1A receptor partial agonist; and Ro 60 1075, a 5-HT2C receptor agonist.


Only SB-243213 (at 3 μg, but not at 1 and 0.3 μg) counteracted the social interaction deficits after injections into the amygdala, while buspirone (at 0.3 and 1 μg but not at 0.1 μg) reduced deficits only when given into the dorsal raphe nucleus. In contrast, the 5-HT2C receptor agonist, Ro 60 1075, accentuated the behavioral deficit after two weekly injections into the amygdala.


These results are consistent with the involvement of 5-HT2C receptors in the amygdala and 5-HT1A autoreceptors in the dorsal raphe nucleus in repeated ethanol withdrawal-induced sensitization of anxiety-like behavior.


Anxiety-like behavior Repeated ethanol exposures and withdrawals Social interaction test 5-HT1A, and 5-HT2C receptors Amygdala Dorsal raphe nucleus 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • David H. Overstreet
    • 1
    • 2
  • Darin J. Knapp
    • 1
    • 2
  • Robert A. Angel
    • 1
  • Montserrat Navarro
    • 1
  • George R. Breese
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies, Department of PsychiatryUniversity of North Carolina School of MedicineChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Department of PharmacologyUniversity of North Carolina School of MedicineChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Neuroscience CenterUniversity of North Carolina School of MedicineChapel HillUSA

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