Psychopharmacology

, 183:118

Differential effects of the novel kappa opioid receptor antagonist, JDTic, on reinstatement of cocaine-seeking induced by footshock stressors vs cocaine primes and its antidepressant-like effects in rats

  • Patrick M. Beardsley
  • James L. Howard
  • Keith L. Shelton
  • F. Ivy Carroll
Original Investigation

DOI: 10.1007/s00213-005-0167-4

Cite this article as:
Beardsley, P.M., Howard, J.L., Shelton, K.L. et al. Psychopharmacology (2005) 183: 118. doi:10.1007/s00213-005-0167-4

Abstract

Rationale

Stress and depression have been linked to relapse of cocaine abuse. Antagonism of the kappa opioid receptor (KOR) has been reported to attenuate some effects of stressors, and antagonism of the KOR has been reported to have antidepressant-like properties.

Objectives

Our objective was to determine whether the potent and selective KOR antagonist, (3R)-7-hydroxy-N-{(1S)-1-{[(3R,4R)-4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-3,4-dimethyl-1-piperidinyl]methyl}-2-methylpropyl}-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-3-isoquinoline-carboxamide (JDTic), can reduce the ability of a stressor (intermittent footshock) to reinstate cocaine-seeking behavior and to have antidepressant-like effects in the forced swim test (FST).

Methods

Male Long–Evans hooded rats were trained to lever-press, reinforced with 0.5 mg/kg i.v. infusion of cocaine, according to fixed ratio 1 reinforcement schedules during daily 2-h experimental sessions. After performance had stabilized, lever pressing was extinguished for 12 consecutive sessions, and doses of 0 (vehicle), 3, 10, and 30 mg/kg JDTic were then administered i.g. to separate groups of 12 rats. Twenty four hours later, the rats were given 15 min of intermittent footshock (0.87 mA, 0.5 s activation time, average interactivation interval of 40 s) or a 17-mg/kg i.p. administration of cocaine prime followed by a 2-h reinstatement test session. JDTic was also evaluated for its ability to block diuresis induced by the KOR agonist, U50,488H (10 mg/kg, s.c.), during 5-h test sessions beginning 1 h after footshock reinstatement tests to verify its KOR antagonist activity. In the FST, male Sprague–Dawley rats were treated with either nor-binaltorphimine (nor-BNI) or JDTic (both at 0.3, 1, 3, or 10 mg/kg, injected s.c. 23 h before), or desipramine (5.6, 10, or 17 mg/kg, injected i.p. 23, 5, and 1 h before) and placed in a cylinder of water, during which the predominance of immobility, swimming, and climbing were scored during 5-s intervals for 5 min.

Results

The 10- and 30-mg/kg doses of JDTic significantly reduced footshock-induced reinstatement of responding previously reinforced by cocaine and significantly attenuated U50,488H-induced diuresis. In contrast, JDTic did not affect cocaine-prime-induced reinstatement. Both nor-BNI and JDTic decreased immobility and increased swimming time in the FST, similar to the antidepressant desipramine.

Conclusions

Depression and stress are two states during cocaine abstinence which users identify as precipitating relapse, and JDTic may have properties which attenuate both.

Keywords

Cocaine Self-administration Rats Kappa Opioid JDTic Reinstatement Diuresis Stress Antidepressant Forced swim test Nor-binaltorphimine 

Abbreviations

JDTic

(3R)-7-Hydroxy-N-{(1S)-1-{[(3R,4R)-4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-3,4-dimethyl-1-piperidinyl]methyl}-2-methylpropyl}-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-3-isoquinoline-carboxamide

KOR

kappa opioid receptor

FST

forced swim test

nor-BNI

nor-binaltorphimine

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick M. Beardsley
    • 1
    • 2
  • James L. Howard
    • 3
  • Keith L. Shelton
    • 1
  • F. Ivy Carroll
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of MedicineVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.VCU Institute for Drug and Alcohol StudiesRichmondUSA
  3. 3.Howard Associates, LLCResearch Triangle InstituteResearch Triangle ParkUSA
  4. 4.Organic and Medicinal ChemistryResearch Triangle InstituteResearch Triangle ParkUSA

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