Psychopharmacology

, Volume 178, Issue 2–3, pp 296–302 | Cite as

Effects of isradipine on methamphetamine-induced changes in attentional and perceptual-motor skills of cognition

  • Bankole A. Johnson
  • John D. Roache
  • Nassima Ait-Daoud
  • Christopher Wallace
  • Lynda T. Wells
  • Yanmei Wang
Original Investigation

Abstract

Rationale

While the effects of d-amphetamine in increasing performance have been established, there is a paucity of information on the effects of methamphetamine on cognition in drug-naive subjects, and no published information on the effects of intravenous methamphetamine administration in dependent individuals. The dihydropyridine-class calcium channel antagonist, isradipine, has been posited as a putative treatment to prevent methamphetamine-associated hypertensive crisis and its sequelae. Yet, isradipine’s effects on cognitive performance in methamphetamine-dependent individuals are not known.

Objective

Since individuals whose dependence on methamphetamine is attributable to the need to enhance performance may be loath to take a cognition-impairing medication, even for the treatment of life-threatening hypertensive crisis, it would be important to determine isradipine’s effects on performance.

Methods

We therefore examined in a blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover design the cognitive effects of low and high doses of intravenous methamphetamine (15 mg and 30 mg, respectively) in both the presence and absence of isradipine.

Results

Intravenous d-methamphetamine produced dose-dependent increases in attention, concentration, and psychomotor performance. Isradipine, both with and without methamphetamine, had a modest effect to decrease attention.

Conclusion

Our results do not support the further testing of isradipine as a medication for improving the cognitive impairments that have been associated with chronic methamphetamine use.

Keywords

Isradipine Methamphetamine Cognition Cognitive performance Attention Concentration Perceptual-motor function Dopamine Humans 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bankole A. Johnson
    • 1
  • John D. Roache
    • 1
  • Nassima Ait-Daoud
    • 1
  • Christopher Wallace
    • 1
  • Lynda T. Wells
    • 2
  • Yanmei Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryThe University of Texas Health Science Center at San AntonioSan AntonioUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyThe University of Texas Health Science Center at San AntonioSan AntonioUSA

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