, Volume 169, Issue 3–4, pp 314–320 | Cite as

Dopamine agonists disrupt visual latent inhibition in normal males using a within-subject paradigm

  • Neal R. SwerdlowEmail author
  • Nora Stephany
  • Lindsay C. Wasserman
  • Jo Talledo
  • Richard Sharp
  • Pamela P. Auerbach
Original Investigation


Latent inhibition (LI) is the delayed learning of an association when the conditioned stimulus has previously been experienced out of the context of that association. LI can be measured across species and has been used to understand the neurobiology of schizophrenia, since some reports suggest that schizophrenia patients exhibit LI deficits. One challenge of LI studies in humans has resulted from the fact that LI paradigms have almost uniformly involved between-subject comparisons. We now report a new within-subject paradigm that detected LI in normal adult male subjects after ingestion of a placebo. After amphetamine (20 mg p.o.) or bromocriptine (1.25 mg p.o.), LI was not evident, suggesting that the LI detected by this paradigm is sensitive to disruption by dopamine agonists. The apparent advantages and limitations of this paradigm are discussed with regard to its future use in understanding the neural basis of reported LI deficits in schizophrenia.


Amphetamine Bromocriptine Latent inhibition Schizophrenia 



Studies were supported by MH59803 and MH01436. The authors gratefully acknowledge Dr. Kristin Cadenhead for providing medical coverage, and Dr. Mark Geyer for formative discussions.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neal R. Swerdlow
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nora Stephany
    • 1
  • Lindsay C. Wasserman
    • 1
  • Jo Talledo
    • 1
  • Richard Sharp
    • 1
  • Pamela P. Auerbach
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUCSD School of MedicineLa JollaUSA

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