Block monotone iterative methods for numerical solutions of nonlinear elliptic equations
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Two block monotone iterative schemes for a nonlinear algebraic system, which is a finite difference approximation of a nonlinear elliptic boundary-value problem, are presented and are shown to converge monotonically either from above or from below to a solution of the system. This monotone convergence result yields a computational algorithm for numerical solutions as well as an existence-comparison theorem of the system, including a sufficient condition for the uniqueness of the solution. An advantage of the block iterative schemes is that the Thomas algorithm can be used to compute numerical solutions of the sequence of iterations in the same fashion as for one-dimensional problems. The block iterative schemes are compared with the point monotone iterative schemes of Picard, Jacobi and Gauss-Seidel, and various theoretical comparison results among these monotone iterative schemes are given. These comparison results demonstrate that the sequence of iterations from the block iterative schemes converges faster than the corresponding sequence given by the point iterative schemes. Application of the iterative schemes is given to a logistic model problem in ecology and numerical ressults for a test problem with known analytical solution are given.
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